Sociology exam examples.

Hi everyone,

This is my first post on here so i'm not too sure what to write here to be honest. 

I have attached an example of an OCR as level Sociology test; which includes 8, 16 and 24 marker questions, which all feature in the unit 1 sociology exam. 

My 8 mark answer scored 6/8 and the feedback given stated that i needed to develop the concept more. However the use of sociologists was effective and correct.

My 16 mark answer scored 16/16. My feedback said that this was a perfect answer with the cottect use of concepts and sociologists, well developed with a clear understanding.

My 24 mark answer scored 20/24. My feedback stated that i hadnt quite developed the concepts enough before listing sociologists. I was told that i made the concepts too brief in order to add more sociologists, where as i should of used less sociologists and made my concepts more detailed. 

I believe that this could help you if you are revising as my responses would have come together and scored an A overall. 

I hope this is okay for everyone, sorry if i have missed anything! Any questions are more than welcome and i hope that this helps people! Thanks:)

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Sociology Test. Tom Melling
Define the concept of Masculinity. Illustrate your answers with examples. [8 marks]
The concept of masculinity is the way that males are categorised into different groups of masculinity.
This could be due to their behaviour, fashion or their views towards multiple different issues. For
example, Bob Connell talked about the 4 types of Masculinity. These are Hegemonic, Sub-ordinate,
Complicit and Marginalised masculinity. He talks about how Hegemonic males are seen to be the
traditional male; who is dominant and patriotic. Complicit males believe in equal roles for males and
females, and Connell talks about how males from this group are the `new men'. Sub-ordinate males
are considered to be less masculine than the other groups and this group is often associated with
homosexuality. Finally, Marginalised males are the males who feel threatened and marginalised by
women; which is primarily due to women taking jobs that would usually be associated with men.
Whannel talks about the metrosexual male. This is a heterosexual man who is in touch with his
feminine side; he believes that metrosexual males are becoming more and more common.
Outline and explain two features of class. [16 marks]
One feature of class is the workplace. The workplace is very important when determining a person's
class. A lot of the time, the job that a person does, completely defines their class. For example, the
manager of a company would most likely be considered to be of a higher class, than a ship builder.
Braverman talks about how there is a change in the way that a person's class is defined. He says that
the new working class, are becoming a lot like the middle class. This is due to a decrease in manual
work. The new working class are now considered working within the public sector, doing more office
based jobs. This is something that would have previously been associated with the middle class;
because the working class was associated with manual work. He described this as Proleterianisation
which is also something that is considered in the Marxist view of class. Marxists believe that society is
controlled by the Bourgeoisie and the working people are the proletariat. They believe that the
people are put into a false class consciousness. This is due to society being run by people who are
higher up the hierarchy, and are a higher class to the proletariat.
Another feature of class is the under-class. The under-class are considered to be the lowest class
group, who sit below the working class in the hierarchy of society. The underclass is described by
Charles Murray who has a very strong view on what the underclass is associated with. He believes
that the underclass is associated with a high crime rate, educational underachievement and the
people are considered to be benefit dependant. Murray believes that the government should
`withdraw the benefits, in order for people to get jobs.' On the flip side of the underclass, there is
social exclusion. Social exclusion is almost the same as the underclass, however there are different
views towards the people who are considered to be part of social exclusion. Social exclusion is
described by Madanipour; he argues that it's not their fault that they are in the situation that they are
in. He believes that there is a `joined up solution to a joined up problem' and believes that instead of
withdrawing benefits, the government should look into improving schools, communities and

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Outline and briefly evaluate the view that the family helps socialise an individual into their
ethnic identity. [24 marks]
The family play a very important role when it comes to determining a person's ethnic identity. The
way that the family brings up the child and the norms and values that they teach the child, all
contribute to how a person's ethnic identity is formed and developed. For example, Ghuman talks
about socialisation practises in Asian families.…read more


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