Sociology Education - Key theorists and studies

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  • Created on: 20-05-13 16:05
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Functionalism
Durkheim ­ Saw the main role of education as the transmission of
society's norms and values. Social solidarity, specialist skills,
society in miniature.
Parsons ­ Education is like a bridge between the family and wider
society. We are judged in terms of universalistic values and
achieved status.
Davis and Moore ­ Role allocation. Education is a device that sifts
and sorts people according to their different abilities.
Marxism
Althusser ­ Ideological state apparatus ­ maintaining the rule of
the bourgeoisie through controlling people's beliefs, thoughts and
attitudes. Repressive state apparatus ­ maintaining the rule of the
bourgeoisie through force, physical violence and threats.
Bowles and Gintis ­ The correspondence principle (close parallels
between the work and the school, this operates through the hidden
curriculum)
Willis ­ Argues that although pupils may resist indoctrination, their
counter school subcultures prepares them for unskilled labour.
New Right
Chubb and Moe ­ Consumer choice. Calls for an education system
that involves a market system. There should be an end to
guaranteed funding and propose a system in which families would
be given a voucher to spend on buying education from a school of
their choice.
Class differences - External
Douglas ­ argued that middle class parents are more likely to read
to their children.
Douglas found that parental interest is the single most important
factor affecting educational achievement.

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Bernstein ­ Restricted and elaborated code
Sugarman ­ 4 working class subcultures that affect educational
achievement; fatalism, collectivism, present-time orientation and
immediate gratification.
Marilyn Howard ­ Children from W/C families have a lower intake
of vitamins and minerals and so weakens their immune system and
have more days off.
Douglas ­ `Home and the school', divided the sample into those
who had sole use of hot water, bathrooms, toilets and those who
did not. This indicates poverty.…read more

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Ethnic differences ­ External
Daniel Moynihan ­ many black families are headed by female lone
parents, their children are deprived of adequate care due to parent
struggling financially, as well as lacking a male role model. Sees it
as a cycle, fail at school = fail as parents.
Khan sees Asian families as stress ridden. Due to tradition and
being controlling.
Flaherty ­ 15% of ethnic minority households live in overcrowded
conditions, whereas only 2% whites do.…read more

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Angela McRobbie ­ Comparison of girls magazines in 1990's and
1970's. 1970's = emphasis on the importance of getting married
and `not being left on the shelf'. Now contain images of assertive,
independent women.
Sue Sharpe ­ 1970 ­ love, marriage, and children. 1990 ­ school,
qualifications and career. She found a major shift in priorities and
education was seen as the main route to success.…read more

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