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AS SOCIOLOGY- FAMILY-

Variations in social groups

Teenage 2X more likely to divorce.
Higher rate for first 5 years of marriage
More than 30 years 2X more likely to divorce than 10 years ago
W/c more likely to divorce
Asians less likely to
Childless couples more likely to
People married…

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AS SOCIOLOGY- FAMILY-

Changing Social Attitude- Divorce losing social stigma

Secularisation- Less influence of religious teachings

Rising expectations of marriage- Functionalists- reality of marriage
disappointing

Increased life expectancy- Literally, people have more time to divorce!



Declining Marriage/ Increasing cohabitation


Impacts of Feminism- No longer marry for financial security.
Sharpe (1976,…

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AS SOCIOLOGY- FAMILY-

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AS SOCIOLOGY- FAMILY-




FEMINISM: MARRIAGE & DIVORCE

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Domestic Labour & Gender Roles.

Most studies conducted by feminists

Key Concepts

Patriarchy- Male power over women in family.

Congugal Roles- Bott (1957) - Said 2 Types of role- segregated and joint.
Segregated popular most of 19th and 20th century. Joint popular since 1970's.

Double & Triple…

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AS SOCIOLOGY- FAMILY-

Men are suited to world of work= should work!
Each has responsibility for only one shift!

Young & Wilmott- 1973- Found 72% of men did housework other
than washing up! Optimistic view, `march of progress' view on
relationships.

Angry Feminist Response...

Oakley- 1974- Y&W `72%' proves very…

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AS SOCIOLOGY- FAMILY-

Power Relationships & Domestic Violence

Decision Making
Edgell (1980) men more likely to make important decisions.
Hardill et al (1997) some evidence of more recent equality in
decision making.

Financial Control

Pahl (1989)
Interviewed 102 couples... most couples (39) shared money but husband has
financial control. She…

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AS SOCIOLOGY- FAMILY-

Children in Industrial Times:

Same as Pre-industrial- but worse! Employed in factories,
coalmines and up chimneys. Weren't protected by laws. Were
just added income.



Childhood today:

`Child-centred' society. Children valued & protected. Started to emerge in 50's
(ish)

1. Children go to school from 5-16 (atleast)
2.…

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AS SOCIOLOGY- FAMILY-

Compulsory Education- Could no longer work full time. Further
education has meant that `children' are forced to be dependent on parents for
longer

Laws- Prevention of cruelty to children act (1889) & Children Act (1989)
People work less hours- parents spend more time with children
Age restrictions…

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AS SOCIOLOGY- FAMILY-

More likely to get diseases such as typhoid & malaria due to bad public health
enforcement etc.




Child soldiers:

More than 500,000 under 18 been recruited as child soldiers.



The future of childhood: UK

Positive view & Conflict view:
Positive view- `march of progress' western society is…

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