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Family:
A monogamous marriage between husband and wife with their
dependent children sharing the same home. (NUCLEAR FAMILY ­
EXCLUDES COHABITING COUPLES)
Whatever those involved see as a family, is a family. (VERY
BROAD ­ ANY GROUP CAN COUNT AS A FAMILY i.e. ­ gay
couples)

1. The domestic division…

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Long-term trend away from Segregated Conjugal Roles towards Joint Conjugal Roles and the
SYMMETRICAL FAMILY.

o Symmetrical Family ­ where the roles of the husband and wife are not identical but much
more similar than they used to be.
o Women are also breadwinners, though this may be part time.…

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responsibilities. A father might help with specific tasks, but was always the mother
responsible for child's security and well-being.
Warde and Hetherington (1993) did a study in Manchester, shows that gender roles
(sex-typing) for domestic tasks remains strong. For example, wives 30x more likely to have
been the last person…

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The trend towards greater equality is due to a gradual change in values; gradually adapting to
women being in full-time employment. He found men are now doing more housework, but still
tend to take responsibility for different tasks.

Oriel O'Sullivan (2000) analysed nationally representative data from 1975, 1987 and 1997…

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0 Xavier Ramos (2003) however, found that where the man is unemployed and his partner is
in full time employment, the man's domestic work equals that of his partners (19 hours a
week).
0 Sara Arber and Jay Ginn 1995 point out, middle-class women may be able to afford
full-day-care,…

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However, Dunne found out that if one partner did vastly more paid work than the other; time spent
on domestic work was uneven.

Jeffery Weeks 1999 argues same-sex relationships offer greater possibilities of equality because
the division of labour is open to negotiation and agreement, not based on patriarchal tradition.…

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Allowance System: where a man gives his wife a certain amount of money every
week/month from which she must budget for the family's needs, the man the retains any
surplus income for himself.

Pooling is on the increase. Comparing a sample of 1,211 couples to their parents, Vogler (1994)
found…

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Kathryn Coleman et al (2007) found that women were more likely than men to have experienced
`intimate violence', four types of abuse- partner abuse, family abuse, sexual assault and stalking.

Mirrlees-Black found that:

o Most victims are women.
o 99% of all incidents against women have been committed by men.…

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institutions helps explain the reluctance of police and courts to deal effectively with cases of
domestic violence.

RF help explain why most domestic violence is committed by men, argue violence against women is
part of a patriarchal system that maintains men's power.

Faith Robertson Elliot 1996 rejects radical feminists claim…

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