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Time Line Beliefs and aims Policies Criticisms

Social The shift from Want: was concerned with inadequate income. Beveridge proposed a national The market liberal or New Right
Democratic selective to universal insurance scheme to which all would be entitled: model has been critical of Beveridge
Approach welfare was the basis…

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were designed to rehouse homeless people, reduce congestion in cities and Feminists criticise this model of the
stimulate economic growth in relatively depressed areas. Fourteen new towns welfare state for being too
were designated between 1946 and 1951 e.g. Stevenage, Crawley and Hatfield. patriarchal ­ the male bread winner

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people into low paid jobs that still
According to the New Right there must always be inequality, because not leaves them in poverty.
everyone can be successful. Competition means that the best people get to the
top. Their success generates the employment and taxation to get rid of poverty.

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away from the state towards the private sector, the voluntary sector and
local communities.

Services that had previously been provided by the state at subsidised rates were
privatised or underwent more stringent meanstesting :

The 1980 Housing Act allowed rents for council housing to be raised
significantly, and a large…

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concerns from previous
Labour administrations. Supporters of the Third Way argue that there are strengths and weaknesses of
each approach, and that the Third Way tries to incorporate the best elements of Tends to be seen as disciplinary
Although it supports the both. approach.
idea of a comprehensive
welfare state…

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Introduced tax credits to help lower paid families pay for childcare, and
equal opportunities legislation so that working becomes more
attractive to women.

Introduced the New Deal. This is a government programme that aims to
give unemployed people the help and support they need to get into work.
Everyone on…


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