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Global development sociologists

The terminology of development
Up until the 1990's the following terms were used to describe the difference in wealth around the world:
The `First World'- the West
The `Second World'- the communist countries
The `Third World'- the developing countries.
But due to the collapse of communism these…

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Global development sociologists

Modernization theory
Title of paragraph Sociologist Explanation
The theory Durkheim Saw traditional societies being organised around `mechanical solidarity' (i.e.
the sharing of similar beliefs), evolving into more complex societies
organized around `organic solidarity' (beliefs are less likely to be shared.
The theory Tonnies Saw traditional societies being…

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Global development sociologists

Development Rostow Argued that traditional societies need to encourage Western companies to
invest in building factories and training the local people this would allow the
county to develop.
Modernization, Hoselitz Argued that the introduction of a meritocratic education system (paid for by
education and social official aid)…

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Global development sociologists

Dependency theory
Title of paragraph Sociologist The theory
The theory Frank Argued that developing countries found it difficult to sustain
development along modernization lines, not because of their own
deficiencies, but because the developed West has deliberately and
systematically underdeveloped them in a variety of ways, leaving…

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Global development sociologists

World systems theory
Title of paragraph Sociologist The theory
Criticism of Chase- Dunn Argue that the overly descriptive nature of dependency theory means
dependency and Gereffi that it doesn't have much explanatory power.
The theory Wallerstein Individual countries or nation- states are not an adequate unit…

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Global development sociologists

Aid and debt
Title of paragraph Sociologist The theory
The neo- liberal Bauer Argued that aid could not be necessary for development because
view: aid creates Northern countries didn't receive aid to help them develop. He
dependency suggests that aid implies that third world countries were incapable…

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Global development sociologists

The resource trap- Collier argues that the discovery of
natural resources in the context of poverty also undermines
the efficient use of aid because it has social and economic
consequences that slow economic growth.
The being landlocked by a bad neighbour trap. Collier argue
for Africa in…

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Global development sociologists

Projects that cause more damage to the environment
Projects that employ highly paid foreign experts, who have
little knowledge of local conditions and ignore the view of
local people.
The case for aid: The rich world could provide aid in the form of capital, expertise or

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Global development sociologists

More emphasis should be put on infrastructure and regional
The World Bank, the IMF and United Nations development
programmes should be merged to bring about greater
coordination for aid projects.

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Global development sociologists

Population and consumption
Title of paragraph Sociologist The theory
Sociological Thomas Argued that the populations increase in size at a much faster rate
explanations: Neo Malthus than the ability of those same populations to feed themselves. He
Malthusian concluded that these limits on food supply would…


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