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Sociologist What they said
Murdock Defined family as "The family is a social group characterised
(Functionalist) by common residence, economic cooperation and
reproduction. It included adults of both sexes, at least two of
whom maintain a socially approved sexual relationship, and
one or more children, own or adopted, of the sexually
Functions of family Sexual, Reproduction, economic and
Parsons Functions of family Primary socialisation of children and the
(functionalist) stabilisation of the adult personality.
Engles (Marxist) Monogamy became essential because of the inheritance of private
Zaretsky Family performs ideological functions by offering an apparent `haven'.
(Marxist) Argues this is largely an illusion, family cannot meet its member's
Somerville Zaretsky exaggerates his claims. Suggests he `underestimates
(Feminist) the extent of cruelty, violence, incest and neglect' within
Says radical feminists fail to recognise women's position has
improved greatly, and the separatism is unlikely to work
(heterosexual attraction), but she does recognise women have
yet to reach full equality.
Fran Ansley States women are `takers of shit'
Germaine Greer Creation of all female households will eradicate oppression
Wilmot and Family is equal
MirrlessBlack Domestic violence research found most victims women, 99%
incidents against women committed by men. Also nearly one in
four women has been assaulted by a partner at some time in
their life, and one in eight repeatedly so.
Found that one in seven men have been assaulted (By female
partner) and one in twenty repeatedly so.
Dobash and Research in Scotland on DV. Cite examples of wives being
Dobash slapped, beaten, raped or killed by their husbands.
(Feminists) Argue marriage legitimises violence against women by
conferring power and authority on husbands and dependency
Yearnshire Found on average a woman suffers 35 assaults before making a
Millett and Argue that all societies have been founded on patriarchy. Men are the
Firestone enemy, they are the oppressors and exploiters of women.
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Elliots Reject Radical feminist claim that all men benefit from violence against
women. Not all men are aggressive and most are opposed to domestic
Wilkinson Sees domestic violence as the result of stress on family members
caused by social inequality.
Oakley (Feminist) Criticise Young and Wilmott, argues their claims are
In her research found some evidence of husbands helping in
the home but no evidence of a trend towards symmetry.…read more
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Weeks Argues that same sex relationships offer greater possibilities of equality
because the division of labour is open to negotiation and agreement,
and is not based on patriarchal tradition.
Kempson Found that among low income families, women denied their own
needs, seldom going out, and eating smaller portions of food or
skipping meals altogether to make ends meet.
Vogler Found a large increase in pooling from 9% to 50% and a sharp decline
in the housekeeping allowance system, from 36% to 12%.…read more