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Origins C19th , response to: industrial revolution, critique of capitalism, reaction
to social & economic conditions
Early socialist
Utopian socialists ­ "a perfect place"
o Charles Fourier- socialist communes (communities) Phalanges
o Robert Owen (1771- 1858)
Founding father of British socialism
Created a community based around a mill in…

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Implemented NHS + Welfare state ­ 1948 ­ Beveridge (liberal)
Nationalised the "commanding heights" of the economy ­ Keynes
De colonisation
Heralded "Butskellism"
Criticised for not being socialist enough, didn't fully implement clause 4
Most socialist PM or more influenced by liberals
Anthony Crosland- 1950's
The future of socialism

Page 3

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-ID Cards
-DNA database
- Detention without trial- 90 days
Chasing middle class votes
No income tax increase

Democratic socialism Social democracy
Want to change society & create a socialist Accept capitalism regulate the worst ex
Progressive taxation- wealth redistribution, Equality of opportunity
equality of outcome (goal)

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C19th co-operative societies
o goods bought cheaply for poor
Collective farms in soviet union
Egalitarianism ­ equality of outcome
o Not equality of opportunity ­ fosters inequality
3 Arguments
o Social equality = justice & fairness
o Social equality underpins community & co-operation ­ strengthens
o Social equality…

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Explain the term `gradualism' as it applies to socialism. (10 marks)
`Equality is the defining feature of socialism.' Discuss. (30 marks)
June 2013
Explain why socialists support collectivism. (10 marks)
`The Left in Britain has always been more committed to social democracy than
to socialism.' Discuss. (30 marks)




These are so good! Thanks for sharing Liv.

Liv Scott



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