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MOST SOCIOLOGISTS BELIEVE YOU HAVE TO LEARN HOW TO FIT INTO
SOCIETY
· THIS IS THE PROCESS KNOWN AS SOCIALISATION…read more

Slide 3

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CULTURE- WAY OF LIFE (LANGUAGE,
CUSTOMS, KNOWLEDGE, ROLES)
· NORMS- SOCIAL RULES ABOUT THE
CORRECT BEHAVIOUR (QUEUING IN A SHOP ECT)
· VALUES- GENERALISED BELIEFS AND
GOALS (RESPECT FOR HUMAN LIFE)
· 3 TYPES OF NORMS:
· FOLKWAYS- SEEN AS USEFUL TO ASSESS
RELATIONSHIPS WITH OTHERS (E.G. HANDSHAKING)
· MORES- ARE NORMS THAT ARE
CONSIDERED VITAL FOR THE CONTINUING WELFARE OF SOCIETY. THERE
ARE STRICTER SANCTIONS FOR BREAKING THESE MORES (E.G. BIGAMY,
INCEST-CUSTODIAL SENTANCES)
· LAWS- NORMS WITH STRICT AND
FORMAL SANCTIONS (E.G. STEALING, MURDER)…read more

Slide 4

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AGENT OF SOCIALISATION
· PRIMARY SOCIALISATION- LEARNED FROM THE
FAMILY, LAUGHING,CRYING, ANGER- LEARNING THE SKILLS NECESSARY TO
EMPATHISE
· SECONDARY SOCIALISATION- OCCURS FROM LATE
CHILDHOOD AND CONTINUES AS WE MATURE INTO ADULTS. IT TEACHES US
HOW TO BEHAVE AS HUMAN BEINGS BY HELPING US TO LEARN THE
VALUES, NORMS, STATUSES AND ROLES OF OUR CULTURE. UNLIKE
PRIMARY SOCIALISATION IT IS LEARNT BY PEOPLE WHO AREN'T
EMOTIONALLY CLOSE TO US…read more

Slide 5

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ALL MEMBERS OF SOCIETY HAVE A STATUS OR SOCIAL POSITION
ASCRIBED-FROM BIRTH (E.G. INHERITED, RACE, GENDER) ACHIEVED-YOU
HAVE CONTROL OVER THIS (THROUGH WORK,EDUCATION, MARRIAGE)
· STATUS IN SOCIETY CONTROLS HOW WE BEHAVE. SCHOOLS TAKE A MAJOR
ROLE IN THE TRANSMISSION OF VALUES
· SOCIALISATION PLAYS AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN SHAPING US FOR FUTURE ROLE
AS EMPLOYEES
· SOCISLISATION IS THE FOUNDATION FOR MOST SOCIOLOGICAL THEORIES…read more

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