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Revision guide

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Two Features of the Social Approach

1. Individuals and groups affect our behaviour ­ Whether it is being obedient, which we see in
Milgram's experiment (1963), where pps changed their behaviour when asked to by an
authority figure whom they trusted, or if it is a result of prejudice and…

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Milgram's Study of Obedience (1963)

The aim of the study was discover how far a person was willing to obey someone even if it meant
seriously harming or killing another person.

A volunteer sample of 40 male pps were selected, all from the same area (New Haven )…

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Evaluation of Milgram's Study of Obedience

Milgram's study was not very generalisable because its sample included only men from a small town
(New Haven) in America all of whom were of similar ages.

The study was very reliable because it was a laboratory experiment and so was…

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Variation on Milgram's Study ­ Run Down Office

The aim of the study was discover whether the setting had an effect on a person's level of

The procedure was exactly the same as Milgram's original study except for the fact that it
took place in a…

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Multiple Choice Questions

Read the questions carefully. There is only one correct answer. Either a,b,c or d

Milgram (obedience and electric shocks)

1 How many participants went up to 300 volts

(a) All of them

(b) None of them

(c) 30 of them

(d) 20 of them

2 The participants…

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(d) Chimpanzees

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3 The participants all volunteered believing they were to do

(a) A study on aggression

(b) A study on power

(c) A study on memory and learning

(d) A study on electricity

4 The study broke the ethical guidelines of

(a) Deception

(b) Rights of participants to withdraw

(c) Protection…

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(b) The presence of Mr Williams

(c) The level of shock given to learner

(d) The switches

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6 Which one of these was not a prod used by Mr Williams

(a) `please continue/please go on'

(b) `the experimenter requires that you go on'

(c) `go on or else I will have to terminate the experiment'

(d) `it is absolutely essential that you go on'

7 In a…


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