Social psychology practical write up

unit 1, social approach practical write up. edexcel as psychology

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Social psychology Practical Write Up
Aim and hypothesis
The aim for the practical was to look at the attitudes in an in group and out-groups.
The Hypothesis is to see whether. Girls hang around with girls and same for boys at lunch
and breaks.
Alternative hypothesis
Girls are more likely to socialise with girls and boys are more likely to socialise
with boys.
Null Hypothesis
Girls are not likely to socialise with girls and boys aren't likely to socialise with boys.
The hypothesis is a directional hypothesis, because it predicts the direction. Affect a variable
it can be positive or negative. They might have positive attitude towards same sex but
negative towards different sex.
The study that links to this practical is Sherif Et AL (1954), and Tajfel Et Al. which there aims
was to look at the in- group and out-groups attitudes.
The aim of Sherif Et Al was to study the origin of prejudice arising from the formation of
social groups. He carried out research into groups. The affect that groups has on attitudes
and behaviour. He carried the Robbers Cave Study; he used two groups of young boys to
find how the groups developed. According to Sherif three terms defined.
Small group: individuals are affected differently by using in a group. Similar to our practical
they were given the questionnaire to look at in small groups, they were affected differently,
if they were in a smaller group such as the year 7 in the school because they are smaller
group in the school.
Norm: a product of group interaction that regulates member behaviour in terms of expected
or ideal behaviour. In some of the lessons around the school they may behave better than
their normal attitudes, it might be opposite as well.
Group: a social unit with member of individuals who are interdependent and have a set of
norms and values for self-regulation; individuals have roles within the unit. Sometimes some

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The results that Sherif Et Al found was that in the first stage the boys have given name to
themselves: the Rattlers and the Eagles. The group advanced similarly, but this is been
expected because how carefully they have been corresponding. For both groups, status
positions were settled over days at first week, and a clear group leader was in place.
Another study that supports our practical is Tajfel's study (1971).…read more

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In the practical that we carried we used Qualitative and Quantitative data. We used both
opened and closed questions.
Qualitative data:
Qualitative data is the type of data that describes the meaning and experiences.
It gives detailed information on the focused area that the researcher is looking for.
It uses the open questions which lets them to express their opinions. It gives chance
to the participants to say something about their attitude towards the subject.…read more

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There is no bias of the way the participants are chosen. Therefore the sample is
theoretically is representative.
The sample can be easily explained and understood.
It can be difficult to obtain everyone's name in the target population.
The sample that is randomly chosen it may be not useful. For example, if the study is
looking at in ­group and out-group of males and females attitudes towards each
other age of 17-20, the random sampling may produce all male participants.…read more

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Is picking whoever is available to take part in the study. Researcher use whoever is available
to take part in the study.
It is ethical, the researcher can be able to judge if the experiment will upset the
participants or they can also work out if they were busy to participate in the study.
The researcher has a lot of control over the participants.
The researcher might choose people who are similar to themselves in some ways.…read more

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Ethical consideration
The experiment is been supported by other studies such as Sherif et al (1961), Tajfel
et al (1971).
The experiment is reliable it can be repeated and get the same results.
The experiment is easy to carry out.
It has a high experimental validity they believed the experiment before debriefing
Lack of ecological validity it doesn't happens in real life situation. They don't get
questionnaire to fill in every day.…read more


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