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Social Learning Theory: Social learning theory as a bridge between traditional behaviourism and the
cognitive approach. Assumptions of social learning theory. The role of mediational processes in
learning, motivation and performance of behaviour. Observational learning and the role of vicarious
reinforcement. Strengths and limitations of social learning theory.



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scenario thus cutting time spent learning our own behaviour basically from our mistakes. We can use
other people as "models" for which behaviour to use and when.

Observational learning: learning from observing the behaviour of others and then replicating
it, or, in the case of children, learning through identification (internalising…

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Difference between
learning from
observation and
performance of
Bandura's Bobo Doll


Aim: Investigate the imitation of aggression in children.
Method: 36 boys and 36 girls (average age 52 months). Divided into 8 groups of 6 and one control of
24 children. The groups were matched on pre-experiment aggression…

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Higher aggression score for imitation of the adult male model for physical aggression by
both sexes.
Children in non-aggressive conditions had lower aggression scores than the children in the
control condition.

Conclusion: the children learned aggressive acts from watching the models, other factors also
affected their learning.


This study…

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SLT is less deterministic Bandura's experiment
and reductionist, talks of can be criticised by
more of an interaction Cumberbatch (1992) who
between behaviour and found:
the environment; this is - demand characteristics
`reciprocal determinism' made children aware of
"Behaviour partly creates what was expected
the environment and the - bobo…

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Good at explaining specific imitated Cumberbatch criticism of bobo doll
behaviour experiment
Explains development of culture and Cannot explain the learning of abstract
complex behaviours ideas


Forensic Psychology

SLT acknowledges the role of mediating cognitive variables lying between stimulus and response.
These shape our behaviour as they cause us…

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Doesn't explain CRIMES OF PASSION

Sutherland's Differential Association
Criminal behaviour is learned through exposure to criminal norms. Crime occurs because of:

Learned attitudes
Imitation of specific acts

Criminal activity is the result of an individual expressing their needs e.g. stealing = need for money.
Some of these needs are learned…

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Hallway et al found children learn and maintain identities within the classroom.
Connell: an experiment into school enforcement of gender regimes. At secondary school women are
more likely to teach humanities and men teach maths and sciences.

Colley divided curriculum into boys and girls subjects: boy's subjects were physics, IT,…

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Isabella Danks.
Notre Dame High School.


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