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Social Influence
Conformity: is when the behaviour of an individual or small group is influenced by large or




dominant group.
Types:
Internalisation: is where a person goes along with the majority and takes on their view
privately and publicly.
Compliance: is where a person goes along with the majority, even…

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Also ethical issue, the participants were deceived, they were told they were coming to do a
visual test. They could have felt embarrassed when they found out the true nature of the
study.
Perrin & Spencer (1980) did an exact replication of Asch study
They used participants who were engineering,…

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In the end the experiment was abandoned early because some prisoners became very
distresses. For example one prisoner had to be released after only 36 hours because they
had uncontrollable bursts of crying, screaming and anger
Therefore, in conclusion guards and prisoners did adopt their social roles quickly.
This study…

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The result showed that in the controlled group participants called the slide green 0.25% of
the time and in the consistent condition 8.4% of the time participants adopted the minority
position and called the slide green. Also 32% called the slide green at least once. In the
inconsistent condition the…

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In the end the teacher was reunited with the learner to show they were not hurt and given a
full differing.
The result showed that all 40 participants went up to 400v and 5 refused to go on after that.
Also 26 out of the 40 participants went all the…

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However this study was a field study meaning it's hard to replicate. Also means that the
study only applies to that hospital and cannot be applied generally therefore lacks ecological
validity.
Rank & Jacobsed (1977) Criticised Hoflings study for 2 reasons:
Nurse were not familiar and had no knowledge of…

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concentration camp refused to administer any level of shock because she didn't want to
inflict pain on another person.



Independent Behaviour:
Locus of control
Rutter (1966): aspects of personality may influence independent behaviour
Developed a questionnaire to measure personality characteristics. It indicates how much
personal control people believe they have…

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