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Social Inequalities
Sociological Theories
Believe there is a purpose behind all inequalities and they keep the organic analogy of the
agents of socialisation working effectively.
Durkheim ­ believes harmony is achieved through the 'division of labour' and that conflict may
occur but its controlled.
Parsons ­ there is a…

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Crompton ­ the British ruling class work to maintain their position and operate using social
People can be in the same class but have different status'.
Based on political party, trade unions & pressure groups individuals are associated with.
Economic wealth doesn't automatically give the individual power.

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Cummings & Henry ­ the older generation need to leave work in order to refresh society with
the younger workers.
Age groups aren't homogeneous.
Hunt (evaluation) ­ the elderly don't always disengage from work.
The young without qualifications and the elderly are the 'reserve army of labour'. Both have…

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Beechey ­ women accept less pay because their work only supplements their husbands wages.
Oakley ­ canalisation & manipulation through socialisation creates the gender roles.
Hauri & Hollingworth ­ men are doing more domestic work.
Somerville ­ women are much better off today they can get divorced, gain…

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Westergaard & Resler ­ the inequalities suffered by ethnic minorities are the same as that of
the white working class.
Migrants will assimilate there identity and inequalities will lessen.
Patterson ­ racism is just confusion & ignorance, its not deliberate and it will go.
Solomos & Back (evaluation) ­…

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Roberts ­ the upper classes wealth is reduced as taxes increase.
Scott ­ upper class own property for power rather than use.
Scott ­ upper class remain the ruling class as they operate a 'power bloc' a form of social
closure used to stop the socially mobile.
Sklair ­ found…


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