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Social Inequalities
Sociological Theories
Functionalism
Believe there is a purpose behind all inequalities and they keep the organic analogy of the
agents of socialisation working effectively.
Durkheim ­ believes harmony is achieved through the 'division of labour' and that conflict may
occur but its controlled.
Parsons ­ there is a…

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Crompton ­ the British ruling class work to maintain their position and operate using social
closure.
People can be in the same class but have different status'.
PARTY
Based on political party, trade unions & pressure groups individuals are associated with.
Economic wealth doesn't automatically give the individual power.
Ethnic…

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Cummings & Henry ­ the older generation need to leave work in order to refresh society with
the younger workers.
Age groups aren't homogeneous.
Hunt (evaluation) ­ the elderly don't always disengage from work.
MARXISM
The young without qualifications and the elderly are the 'reserve army of labour'. Both have…

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Beechey ­ women accept less pay because their work only supplements their husbands wages.
LIBERAL FEMINISM
Oakley ­ canalisation & manipulation through socialisation creates the gender roles.
Hauri & Hollingworth ­ men are doing more domestic work.
Somerville ­ women are much better off today they can get divorced, gain…

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Westergaard & Resler ­ the inequalities suffered by ethnic minorities are the same as that of
the white working class.
FUNCTIONALISM
Migrants will assimilate there identity and inequalities will lessen.
Patterson ­ racism is just confusion & ignorance, its not deliberate and it will go.
Solomos & Back (evaluation) ­…

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Roberts ­ the upper classes wealth is reduced as taxes increase.
Scott ­ upper class own property for power rather than use.
Scott ­ upper class remain the ruling class as they operate a 'power bloc' a form of social
closure used to stop the socially mobile.
Sklair ­ found…

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