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Social inequality, differences and
stratification
Social Class
Social Class is the stratification system found in modern industrial societies i.e.
Britain.

Different from previous systems:

They are not based on religion, law or race but on economic position
There is no clear distinction between the classes.
All groups have the same…

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Class 3M: Skilled manual
Class 4: Semi-skilled manual
Class 5: Unskilled manual

Middle Class= Class 1-3M

Working Class=Class 4-5

This has been used for many surveys etc

Criticisms of the Registrar General's Scale

Assessment of jobs were made by the Registrar General's Staff (meaning
they would put their own jobs…

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supervisors of manual
workers


More accurate system, but was still sexist:

Overlooks the significance of the dual-career families, where the joint
income of both partners can improve lifestyle.
Ignores situations where woman are in a higher grade of work
Overlook the significance of the increasing number of single working
woman,…

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Strengths

No manual: Non Manual split.
Includes long term unemployed and the never-employed unemployed
Woman are recognised in this scale.

Potential weaknesses

Based on objective criteria of class, does not include people's own
interpretation of what class they belong to
Those who do not work because they are wealthy are…

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Savage et al. 2001
o Not convinced that identification with such class categories has any
real meaning beyond the need to feel normal and original.
Bradley 1999
o Agrees with Savage.

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