Slides in this set
The role of religion
1. Those who see religion as a CONSERVATIVE force
(conservative means keeping things the way they are.)
These sociologists see religion as a force for stability and order.
They may well favour a functionalist or a Marxist point of view.
2. Those who see religion as FORCE FOR SOCIAL CHANGE
supporters of this position point to the role of religion in
encouraging societies to change.
They may well be influenced by the writings of Max Weber.…read more
· Religion is an
· Outlet for
Religion as a conservative force
Religion as a force for change
· The spirit of capitalism
· Capitalism is based on the systematic, efficient, rational pursuit of
profit for its own sake, rather then consumption (not spent on
greed for wealth as in pat).
· The spirit had Elective affinity (unconscious similarity) to the
Calvinist beliefs and attitudes.
· Performed 2 functions:
1. Allowed Calvinists to cope with their salvation panic
2. Reinforced the gains of more wealth. The spirit of modern
Predestination Divine Transcendence Asceticism
·God has predetermined ·God is so immortal and great ·Abstinence, self
which souls will be saved that no human can claim to discipline and self
know his will. denial.
·The individual can do
nothing to change this ·This gives rise to loneliness. ·Live a simple life as Jess
·salvation anxiety not ·This combined with
knowing if heaven or hell predestination created what
awaited. Weber refers to as salvation
Evaluation of Weber
· Critical of Weber as capitalism was late to develop in Scotland,
despite Calvinism being present there.
· Marxists are critical they argue that capitalism predates
· Bruce & Hamilton Weber's theory lacks validity based on
assumption, not evidence
· Kautsky Weber overestimates ideas and underestimates the
economic factors…read more