Other slides in this set

Slide 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

The role of religion
1. Those who see religion as a CONSERVATIVE force
(conservative means keeping things the way they are.)
These sociologists see religion as a force for stability and order.
They may well favour a functionalist or a Marxist point of view.
2. Those who see religion as FORCE FOR SOCIAL CHANGE­
supporters of this position point to the role of religion in
encouraging societies to change.
They may well be influenced by the writings of Max Weber.…read more

Slide 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Religion and
Patriarchy
· Religion is an
ideology that
legitimises
patriarchal
Feminism
· power
Religionandand
maintains
Capitalism
women's
· Religion
subordinatio
prevents
n
social change
in the
interests of
Religion and
Marxism
· powerful
consensus
· Legitimates
Maintains
· and
social
reproduces
stability,
inequality
social
and disguises
solidarity and
exploitation
value
Functionalism
consensus.
· Outlet for
stress that
may
otherwise
Religion as a conservative force
disrupt
society…read more

Slide 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Weber:
Religion as a force for change
· The spirit of capitalism
· Capitalism is based on the systematic, efficient, rational pursuit of
profit for its own sake, rather then consumption (not spent on
greed for wealth as in pat).
· The spirit had Elective affinity (unconscious similarity) to the
Calvinist beliefs and attitudes.
· Performed 2 functions:
1. Allowed Calvinists to cope with their salvation panic
2. Reinforced the gains of more wealth. The spirit of modern
capitalism.…read more

Slide 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Calvinist beliefs
Predestination Divine Transcendence Asceticism
·God has predetermined ·God is so immortal and great ·Abstinence, self
which souls will be saved that no human can claim to discipline and self
know his will. denial.
·The individual can do
nothing to change this ·This gives rise to loneliness. ·Live a simple life as Jess
did
·salvation anxiety ­ not ·This combined with
knowing if heaven or hell predestination created what
awaited. Weber refers to as salvation
panic…read more

Slide 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

Evaluation of Weber
· Critical of Weber as capitalism was late to develop in Scotland,
despite Calvinism being present there.
· Marxists are critical ­ they argue that capitalism predates
Calvinism.
· Bruce & Hamilton ­ Weber's theory lacks validity based on
assumption, not evidence
· Kautsky­ Weber overestimates ideas and underestimates the
economic factors…read more

Slide 7

Preview of page 7
Preview of page 7

Slide 8

Preview of page 8
Preview of page 8

Slide 9

Preview of page 9
Preview of page 9

Slide 10

Preview of page 10
Preview of page 10

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all resources »