Slides in this set
Health and Welfare
Investment doubled from 21.4 billion in 1950 to 44.0 billion in 1959. Death rates and infant
mortality rates dropped.
Death rate per thousand population 9.7 7.3
Infant mortality rate per thousand live births 81 27
Pensions budget quadrupled from 1950 to 1965 as number of pensioners increased from I
million to 4.4 million in 1965.
1961; free lunches in schools, offices and factories, free public transport, full pensions and
healthcare rights for farmers.…read more
Between 1950 and 1965 urban housing more than doubled.
Stopped the building of communal and government buildings.
Built cheap housing on mass, promising to replace with better quality houses in the 80's
after full communism was achieved.
Low-cost housing complexes known as Khrushchyovka became standard, and were
constructed throughout the 60's and 70's.
Family apartments were 10 times bigger than those built under Stalin, providing families
with greater living standards.…read more
Education and Young People
He doubled the number of schools in the country and the city.
Increased investment in teaching training so that the number of teachers increased from 1.5 million to 2.2
million between 1953 and 1964.
Abolished fees for secondary and university education in 1956, which was followed in 1959 but special fees
to help support poorer students through education, opening up higher education to more of the
The proportion of 17 year olds in secondary education rose from 20% in 1953 to 75% in 1959.
Reintroduced polytechnic education to fit the growing need of light industry demands in 1956.
Reduced time spent on subjects like the humanities and more time spent on practical training in 1956.
The law made education compulsory for children aged 7 to 15.
Schools had to offer 11 year programmes so that children were in school until 19.
Introduced `the fundamentals of political knowledge' to all 15 year olds to indoctrinate them with the
benefits of the soviet system.…read more
Failure of Educational Reform
Parents wanted academic education over vocational training for their children.
By 1962 only 65% of schools offered 11 year courses.
Curriculum reforms were not implemented in 47% of schools.…read more