Social Inequality - Ethnicity

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Outline the evidence that some ethnic groups are advantaged in the
contemporary UK (20)
Education (Asian)
Explanation: more ethnic minority groups are more likely to achieve 5 A*-C grades at
GCSE compared to their white counterparts
Evidence: Modood ­ notes that ethnic minorities make up 16 per cent of
undergraduates in UK universities, which is nearly double their share of the
population
Evidence: Modood ­ believes that ethnic minority families still have high levels of
cultural capital despite often being working class; this is because they experienced
downward mobility when migrating to Britain (they were previously classed as
middle class)
Crime (White)
Explanation: statistics have shown that Black minorities are x7 more likely to be
stopped and searched and Asian x2 more likely than white people
Evidence: Reiner ­ suggests this treatment of different ethnic groups is due to
canteen culture in which senior officers tend to socialise new officers into traditional
values of being suspicious of ethnic minorities and not of white groups
Evidence: Cicourel ­ found that police can sometimes have a 'typical delinquent'
who they will look for when conducting stop and searches ­ this tends to be working
class ethnic minority youths and explains the high rates for ethnic minority stop and
searches and low rates for white stop and searches
Workplace
Explanation: white groups are less likely to experience discrimination within the
workplace in comparison to ethnic minority groups
Evidence: Joseph Rowntree Foundation ­ found that men from ethnic minorities in
managerial and professional jobs earn up to 25% less than their white colleagues
Evidence: BBC Survey 2004 ­ they sent the same CV to 50 well known firms where
the only difference was the name, e.g. Johnny & Jenny and Abu & Yinka; they found
that 25% of Johnnys and Jennys were hired compared to 13% of Abus and Yinkas;
suggesting there is still discrimination in the job market even in relation to
someone's name
Poverty

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Explanation: white people are less likely to live in poverty; statistics show that 60%
of Pakistanis and 70% of Bangladeshis live in poverty, compared to 20% of whites
Evidence: Flaherty ­ ethnic minority groups tend to live in more deprived areas
where there are fewer opportunities to escape from poverty.…read more

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Johnnys and Jennys were hired compared to 13% of Abus and Yinkas;
suggesting there is still discrimination in the job market even in relation to
someone's name
Poverty
Explanation: poverty.org.uk found that around two fifths of people from ethnic
minorities live in low income households, which is twice the rate for white people.…read more

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