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Types of argument
Relativist, meaning that no action is in its self wrong, instead the
morality of an action is judged individually based on the situation
Consequentialist, meaning moral value is given to the
consequences of our actions, i.e. actions that produce a positive
outcome are morally acceptable
Agapéistic, meaning that unconditional love should be the basis
for our morality…read more

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Rudolf Bultmann- Jesus did not teach a system of ethics so no ethics other
than "love thy neighbour as thyself" should be accepted.
Teleological- every ethical system has a purpose/aim. The goal of situation
ethics is to spread love.
Strict laws forbidding euthanasia and divorce (legalism) lead to
unhappiness, misery and frustration.
Antinomianism- there are no moral laws, no ethics. This means that people
have total freedom and this leads to selfish chaos.…read more

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U.S.A U.K.
Book- Situation ethics a new morality Book- honest to God
"the morality of an action depends
"situation ethics is the ethic for
upon the situation"
man come of age"
Church legalism is not in line with
the teachings of Jesus We can be moral without
absolute laws…read more

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Legalism Antinomianism
Absolutism All prefabricated rules are rejected
Strict laws, rules and regulations Fletcher argues that the antinomian
These are based on tradition, consensus approach to ethical decisions is
and divine revelation unprincipled and so is an unacceptable
Divine command theory approach to ethics
Ignores consequences, some actions are There are no ethics and so no laws or
wrong no matter what the circumstances morality
Fletcher argues that absolute laws lead to
must rely on the situation, there and
misery and lack compassion
then, to provide its ethical solution…read more

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1. Pragmatism
An ethic must be both useful and practical. For example, the Catholic
Church was prepared to allow conjoined twins to die instead of
allowing an operation that would save one life at the expense of the
other. Fletcher argues that the decision to let both die isn't pragmatic,
instead it would be of much more use to save one child. Aids and
contraception in Africa is also a relevant example of this.…read more

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