Slides in this set
Main proponent Joseph Fletcher.
Book published in 1966 reflecting mood at
time; Christians should make their own
decisions based on love and Christian
Midway between Christian Legalism and
Antinomianism (no fixed principles, morality
is a result of individual spontaneous acts)
ONLY moral `rule' is agape, unconditional
This is a normative relativist theory. Based
on outcome, so Teleological.…read more
Fletcher found absolutism to be too
demanding and restricting. He focused on the
fact that situations are different and
believed decision making should be based on
Fletcher said that it is impossible to know
God's will in every situation, so one must use
the guiding maxims of Christianity (e.g. 10
commandments) and the principle of agape
to come to the most loving decision.
Christians should make decisions themselves
instead of just following rules.…read more
THE FOUR WORKING PRINCIPLES
Pragmatism the moral choice must work in
Relativism words such as `absolute',
`always' and `never' are rejected. The
decision must be relative to agape.
Positivism A value judgement must be
made, giving first place to love.
Personalism People come before laws.
Morality is about what is most loving for
those involved and not centred around laws.…read more
THE 6 FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES
1. The only absolute is `agape', it is the only
thing which is absolutely `right'/'good'.
2. This love is self-giving and seeks the best result
for others, allowing the individual to make
their own choices.
3. Justice is `love distributed' by acting in a
loving way, the only outcome is justice. Justice
seeks to give everyone their due.
4. Love has no favourites one must treat their
enemy equal to their family when making
5. Love must be the final end one must act to
achieve a loving result, not act in a loving way
to achieve a certain result.
6. What is right in one situation may be wrong in
another the loving thing to do depends on the
Situation Ethics allows us to find moral
solutions to modern ethical problems,
unmentioned in the Bible, such as genetic
Flexible and takes situation into account,
whilst focusing on Christian concept of love.
Focuses on humans and concern for others
It allows people to think for themselves, not
blindly follow law. Baptist John Robinson
called it `an ethic for humanity come of age'…read more