Situation Ethics Animal Experimentation

Situation Ethics Animal Experimentation

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  • Created on: 11-04-11 16:24
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Situation ethics applied to Animal experimentation
Situation ethics ­
The situationist enters into the moral dilemma with the ethics and rules
and principles of his or her community or tradition. However the
situationist is prepared to set aside rules in the situation if love seems
better served by doing so.
Situation ethics works on the single law of love (agape) it is situational
and consequentialist
Six fundamental principles
o Only one thing is intrinsically good namely love nothing else at all.
o The ruling norm of Christian decisionmaking is love nothing else
o Love and justice are the same for justice is love distributed nothing
else
o Love wills the neighbour's good, whether we like him or not.
o Only the end justifies the means nothing else.
o Loves decisions are made situationally, not prescriptively
Main issues
Pain
o For humans there is no pain as they are not being experimented
on. Whereas for the animals pain is present severely dependant
on the experiment
Consent
o Humans are required to give consent whereas animals are not
required due to a lack of understanding and capability as they do
not have the ability to give consent
Equality
o Peter Singer speciesism
o Tom Regan ­ animals are important but not as important
o Cohan ­ animals lack the basic elements of what it is to be a
person like the ability to interact with moral dilemmas therefore
humans are a higher form of life.
o Personhood ­ Fletcher
Stewardship
o God gave humans moral responsibility over animals (dominion <
genesis)
Rights
o Do we have the right to experiment?
o Is it alright to test on animals for make up? As it has no true
potential to cure lives where as some drugs do?
o It is a combination of all other factors
Reason behind experimentation.
o End justifies the means

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Application
We have to act in the most loving way to animals due to the fact that it is a
Christian theory and it is stated in the Bible that we have been granted
stewardship over animals. So taken at face value it appears that animal
testing can't be justified because it is not acting in the most loving way to
animals.
However because it is a consequentialist theory the end justifies the
means.…read more

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So in the view of situation ethics animal experimentation would be
justified if it was the most loving act, with the outcome with saving more
lives from a drug not for cosmetic reasons.
Tom Regan said that The fundamental wrong is the system that allows
us to view animals as our resources, here for us -- to be eaten, or
surgically manipulated, or exploited for sport or money.…read more

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Due to Fletcher implying that he sways
towards, that animals have less value than humans, do we follow his deviation on
other topics or stick with the original theory within situation ethics. Also as Signer
had a part in situation ethics, his theory that humans are equal to animals, this
means that there is a split in the views of the two contributors of this theory.…read more

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