First 226 words of the document:
The trigger for the First World War was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of
Austria. It set off the chain of events that led to the war.
The day was 29th June 1914, and Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, on
How it happened:
The Black Hand Gang were a group of 7 young Bosnian Serbs. The first two conspirators
did nothing at all when the Archduke's car passed them. The next threw a bomb which
bounced off and blew up the car behind. The other four were too stunned to react and did
nothing. Then, later on, the driver took a wrong turn which by sheer luck took him right past
Princip. Princip shot the Archduke and his wife, before swallowing cyanide (which was
After this incident, the Austrian government asked Germany if they would support them in a
war. Germany gave them the socalled `blank cheque' which meant they would support
them whatever they did. So AustriaHungary declared war on Serbia. Then the Russian
army mobilised they had an alliance with Serbia. Thus, Germany declared war on Russia
and France, and following the Schlieffen Plan, attacked Belgium. Britain had promised to
defend Belgium and so declared war on Germany.