Short answer questions about each topic 1-6 in the New P1 spec for edexcel

Please forgive any spelling mistakes. I hope youll be able towork out the answers to them all as well.

Conor

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  • Created on: 22-05-12 22:32
Preview of Short answer questions about each topic 1-6 in the New P1 spec for edexcel

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Topic 1- Visible light and the solar system
1) Which model placed the earth at the centre of the universe? ______________
2) Which model placed the sun at the centre of the universe? __________________
3) The invention of which piece of equipment allowed people to see objects not visible to the naked eye?
____________________
4) What type of radiation in the EMS is detected by the naked eye? ________________
5) Which type of technology/machine allows more detailed images to be taken of space than the naked eye?
______________________
6) What 2 other EMS waves from space can be used to study the universe? __________________
7) What did Galileo observe orbiting Jupiter which gave evidence for the heliocentric model for the universe?
______________________
8) When light travels from one material to another it can change direction. This is called
________________.
9) The boundary between 2 materials e.g. glass and air is also called the _______________.
10) Which type of lens causes rays of light to converge (come together into one point)
_________________ or _________________?
11) The distance between a lens and a focused image it produces is called its _________ ________.
12) Measure the focal length in each of these diagrams
13) Which type of telescope uses a converging/convex lens to focus the image? ___________________
14) What is the function of the eye piece lens in a telescope? ______________________
15) When an object has an image which is increased n size this is called ________________
16) What type of telescope contains a mirror instead of a large objective lens? _________________
17) When light bounces of the boundary between two materials this is called _________________
18) What is the name for the mirror which focuses the light from a distant object in a reflection
telescope_____________________?
19) How could you maximise the amount of light collected by a reflection telescope?
___________________________________________
20) Label the diagram.
21) What do waves transfer from one place to another? __________________

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Page 2

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When particles move up and down but the energy transfers from left to right this is a ____________
wave.
23) Label the wave.
24) Which word describes the number of waves per second what are the units.…read more

Page 3

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Topic 2 ­ The EMS
1) What does EMS stand for? ______________ ________________ _______________
2) There is only 1 type of wave which is visible to humans in the EMS. What is it? __________________
3) William Herschel discovered Infrared. Briefly describe how he did it?
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4) Johann Ritter discovered Ultraviolet waves.…read more

Page 4

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Topic 3 ­ Waves and the universe
1) The sun and its planets is known as the _________ __________
2) The system we live in is part of which galaxy? _________________
3) A Collection of stars grouped together is called a ______________
4) A collection of galaxies is known as the _______________
5) What is the sun? _______________
6) Put these in order of size ­ Sun, Earth, Universe , Galaxy, Solar system, Earth's Moon (Smallest to largest)
________________________________________________________________________
7) How many earths could you…read more

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Topic 4- Waves and Earth
1) What word describes the number of waves passing a point each second? ________________________
2) What type of waves are sound waves? ________________________
3) Between which 2 frequencies can humans normally hear? ____________ to ______________
4) Sounds with a frequency below the range above are called ______________ sound.…read more

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How do Oil companies use Seismic waves to analyse the earth? ________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
28) Why is it important to be able to locate the position of an earthquake? ___________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
29) Which wave travels fastest.…read more

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Topic 5- Generating and transmitting electricity
1)What is current? _________________________________________________________
2) What is Voltage? ________________________________________________________
3) The name for sources of energy which will not run out is ______________________________
4) Energy sources which will not last for ever are called ________________________________
5) What is the source of energy for each of these renewable energy sources.…read more

Page 8

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In a dynamo is it the magnet or the coil of wire which spins?
____________________________________
17) What type of magnets to power stations use to produce such large voltages?
________________________
18) How would you make the DC current produced by a dynamo move in the opposite direction?
___________________________________________________________________________________
_
19) What is the name for the network of power stations and pylons that carry electricity all over the
country? _______________________________________________________
20) Which of these is better for reducing wasted energy in power lines.…read more

Page 9

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What two values do you needs to calculate the payback time of an energy saving technique?
______________________________ + ________________________________________________
32) Appliance A has a Payback time of 34 years. Appliance B has a payback time of 2 years?
Which appliance is the most cost effective and why?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
__
33) A new TV costs £600 and will save its owner £10 per year by using electricity.…read more

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Draw a sankey diagram for the following example.…read more

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