Short answer questions about each topic 1-6 in the New P1 spec for edexcel

Please forgive any spelling mistakes. I hope youll be able towork out the answers to them all as well.


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  • Created on: 22-05-12 22:32
Preview of Short answer questions about each topic 1-6 in the New P1 spec for edexcel

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Topic 1- Visible light and the solar system
1) Which model placed the earth at the centre of the universe? ______________
2) Which model placed the sun at the centre of the universe? __________________
3) The invention of which piece of equipment allowed people to see objects not visible to the naked eye?
4) What type of radiation in the EMS is detected by the naked eye? ________________
5) Which type of technology/machine allows more detailed images to be taken of space than the naked eye?
6) What 2 other EMS waves from space can be used to study the universe? __________________
7) What did Galileo observe orbiting Jupiter which gave evidence for the heliocentric model for the universe?
8) When light travels from one material to another it can change direction. This is called
9) The boundary between 2 materials e.g. glass and air is also called the _______________.
10) Which type of lens causes rays of light to converge (come together into one point)
_________________ or _________________?
11) The distance between a lens and a focused image it produces is called its _________ ________.
12) Measure the focal length in each of these diagrams
13) Which type of telescope uses a converging/convex lens to focus the image? ___________________
14) What is the function of the eye piece lens in a telescope? ______________________
15) When an object has an image which is increased n size this is called ________________
16) What type of telescope contains a mirror instead of a large objective lens? _________________
17) When light bounces of the boundary between two materials this is called _________________
18) What is the name for the mirror which focuses the light from a distant object in a reflection
19) How could you maximise the amount of light collected by a reflection telescope?
20) Label the diagram.
21) What do waves transfer from one place to another? __________________

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When particles move up and down but the energy transfers from left to right this is a ____________
23) Label the wave.
24) Which word describes the number of waves per second what are the units.…read more

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Topic 2 ­ The EMS
1) What does EMS stand for? ______________ ________________ _______________
2) There is only 1 type of wave which is visible to humans in the EMS. What is it? __________________
3) William Herschel discovered Infrared. Briefly describe how he did it?
4) Johann Ritter discovered Ultraviolet waves.…read more

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Topic 3 ­ Waves and the universe
1) The sun and its planets is known as the _________ __________
2) The system we live in is part of which galaxy? _________________
3) A Collection of stars grouped together is called a ______________
4) A collection of galaxies is known as the _______________
5) What is the sun? _______________
6) Put these in order of size ­ Sun, Earth, Universe , Galaxy, Solar system, Earth's Moon (Smallest to largest)
7) How many earths could you…read more

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Topic 4- Waves and Earth
1) What word describes the number of waves passing a point each second? ________________________
2) What type of waves are sound waves? ________________________
3) Between which 2 frequencies can humans normally hear? ____________ to ______________
4) Sounds with a frequency below the range above are called ______________ sound.…read more

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How do Oil companies use Seismic waves to analyse the earth? ________________________________________
28) Why is it important to be able to locate the position of an earthquake? ___________________________________
29) Which wave travels fastest.…read more

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Topic 5- Generating and transmitting electricity
1)What is current? _________________________________________________________
2) What is Voltage? ________________________________________________________
3) The name for sources of energy which will not run out is ______________________________
4) Energy sources which will not last for ever are called ________________________________
5) What is the source of energy for each of these renewable energy sources.…read more

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In a dynamo is it the magnet or the coil of wire which spins?
17) What type of magnets to power stations use to produce such large voltages?
18) How would you make the DC current produced by a dynamo move in the opposite direction?
19) What is the name for the network of power stations and pylons that carry electricity all over the
country? _______________________________________________________
20) Which of these is better for reducing wasted energy in power lines.…read more

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What two values do you needs to calculate the payback time of an energy saving technique?
______________________________ + ________________________________________________
32) Appliance A has a Payback time of 34 years. Appliance B has a payback time of 2 years?
Which appliance is the most cost effective and why?
33) A new TV costs £600 and will save its owner £10 per year by using electricity.…read more

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Draw a sankey diagram for the following example.…read more


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