Sherif's study and evaluation

just a clear overview of sherif's study of internalisation of view of a line judgement task which leads to private acceptance

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  • Created on: 06-04-11 18:04
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Name of the study The study Methodological Issues Ethical Issues
Sherif (1936): The A> Investigate whether individuals would Lab experiment deceived as true
Auto kinetic conform to answers given by a majority Controlled laboratory purpose of
when answers were wrong conditions however research was not
Effect
M> Simpler perceptual task involving experimenter may have given (LACK OF
conveyed what they INFORMED
participants comparing three different
lengths to a standard line. expected which could lead to CONSENT)- some
Internalisation or Control group of 36 participants were demand characteristics participants felt
Private asked to judge line lengths individually Reliable>easily replicated stressed
Acceptance 7-9 confederates seated around a Created a pilot study before Harm to
table asked to judge line length experiment participants- may
individually, participant last/last but Asch's sample was of students have felt
one. Asch's sample of students did embarrassed after
Confederates were told to give not know each other i.e. the being debriefed
unanimous wrong answers on 12 trials social pressure to conform is
50 naïve male students likely to be much greater among
R> Mean conformity rate 32% a group of friends/where the
Individual differences other participants are teachers.
13 people(26%) never conformed (higher in authority)
74% conformed at least once Debriefed participants after the
1 person conformed on 11 of 12 trials experiment
C>Asch demonstrated that people will Ethnocentric> these results are
conform to a majority view even when it is findings of American's in the
obvious that the majority is incorrect. In 1950's NOT representative of
Asch's pilot study only incorrect judgements today's society.
were made out of 720 answers.
Asch concluded that groups exert pressure on

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