Sexual selection


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The relationships between sexual selection and human reproductive behaviour
A01 Studies A02/3
Cunningham ­ suggests that men are attracted to Langlois et al ­ carried out a meta-analysis of 919 Langlois ­ good use of wide range of studies to gather his
features that are associated with young children ­ large studies on the basis of Physical attraction and found data from, however meta-analysis' lack Validity as each
eyes, small nose and chins & maturity features ­ there to be an agreement between cultures of who different researcher may have varying aims/ hypothesis
prominent cheekbones, narrow cheeks, dilated pupils was/ wasn't attractive. they're testing and also different procedure's
and wide smiles.
Singh ­ found preference for the female `Hour Glass'
Waynforth ­ suggests women go for a man with figure ­ exists despite cultural differences for curvier/
masculine facial features ­ square jaw, ridged eyebrows thinner figures.
Gross ­ found a preference of male `Tapering figure' ­
wide shoulders and narrowing hips
Buss ­ Carried longitudinal study into Partner Buss ­ good sample size = easier to generalise results in
preference in men and women in 33 countries from 5 cultures where there's been the higher sample sizes.
continents. 4601 men and 5446 women ranging from However, must be generalised with caution because of
the ages of 16-28 years. Found that men value physical the ages used in the study doesn't represent a large age
attraction more than women and also value younger range.
women. Women value financial capacity and qualities
associated with financial success.
Bailey & Zucker ­ studied gay and straight male Bailey et al and Kenrick et al ­ both studies could be
preference and found them to be similar ­ same criticised on the basis of `gender bias' as they only focus
interest in physical attraction and uncommitted sex ­ on male preferences. Therefore their results can't be
uninterested in financial status of potential partners. generalised to women. Also Kenrick's study can be
criticised on the basis of `culture bias' as his study is only
Kenrick et al ­ compared age preferences of gay and carried out in New York, therefore the findings can't be
straight men using 738 singles adverts from various applied to different cultures.
New York magazines ­ in 20's both happy with the idea
of partner up to 5 years older/ younger. As groups
aged ­ preferred a younger partner.
Clark & Hatfield ­ got male and female students to Clark et al and Buss ­ criticised on the basis of Age as
approach total strangers of the opposite sex and to ask both studies focus around students, and students aren't
them one of the following questions: representative of the entire population, therefore the
To go out that night results can't be generalised beyond this study, meaning
To go to their house with them this research lack ecological validity.
To have sex with them
C&H ­ criticised on basis of deception and lack of informed
½ the men and women agreed to go out that night. consent as the participants weren't aware they were
0 women agreed to have sex, but 75% of men agreed. participant in a Psychology study.

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The relationships between sexual selection and human reproductive behaviour
69% men agreed to go to house.
Also in all studies the participants may give `social
Buss & Schmitt ­asked how many sexual partners' desirable' answers, which they believe are the most
people would want over the next 2 years, next decade accepted by society and what they believe the researcher
and over a lifetime. Men average 2 years =8 and wants.
women =1.…read more

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