Sex & Gender - Unit 2 (Freud Sigmund) Psychology

This document includes key definitions, biological difference between male/female, the psychodynamic explanation, ego-defence mechanisms, the oepdipus and electra complex, little hans key study and a brief evaluation of case studies.

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Sex & Gender ­ Unit Two ­ AQA GCSE Psychology
Sex ­ the biological aspects of the individual; for example, a child's sex is identified at
birth by its genitals
Sex identity ­ a biological status of being male or female.
Gender ­ the psychological and cultural aspects of maleness…

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parts: the conscience and the ego-ideal. It works as a whole on the morality principle
(`It is wrong to...').




Ego-Defence Mechanisms
The ego's role is to resolve the conflict between the urgent demands of the selfish id and
the restrains of the superego, this conflict is done unconsciously so we…

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boy identifies with his father (relating back to `Ego-Defence Mechanisms'): he will
adopt his father's behaviours, speech and attitudes. This will reduce the threat from
his father and through identification with his father, the boy internalises male
characteristic and will in tunr, require his male identity.
Electra Complex ­ A…

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-Hard to replicate as it is difficult to establish the reliability -Potential high researcher
bias

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A super summary of AQA's Unit 2 'Sex and Gender' module!

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