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The Restoration Settlement

Indemnity - Free pardon for all who weren't excluded by Parliament. Royalists wanted
revenge but all were pardoned in the end apart from the regicides and 30 others.
Cromwell, Ireton and Bradshaw were exhumed , hung , drawn and quartered. In all 13 were
executed for regicide…

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in 1662. Many see the Cromwellian church as being broader and more tolerant than the
restored church. Dissent continued in private homes like Catholicism.

The Cavalier Parliament

Who were they?

· Included 100 members of Long Parliament. Seen by many as retribution. Led to many
saying that the monarchy restored…

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· King issued a Declaration of Indulgence in December 1662 towards Catholics and
Protestant dissenters. But this caused more opposition.
· Viability? - Church of England was easily restored. Toleration of Catholics was a non
starter, dissenters were punished but couldn't be removed and Presbyterians remained
in large groups but…

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· He is often criticised for his immoral nature - womanising and gambling. He had a string
of famous mistresses and bastard children including Barbara Villiers and Nell Gwyn. His
court was full of similar debauched goings on.
· His friends were similarly immoral including the Duke of Buckingham and…

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Yes they looked for stability and gave Charles more powers for that but they never
underestimated their own existence and tried to ensure their position for the future with
the Triennial Act of 1664 and the shortfalls in Charles' financial aid. When things went
wrong Parliament were not afraid to…

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· Clarendon could not keep control of Parliament and so relations between King and
Parliament became strained from 1663.
· Resolutions to these problems were only solved by the King or new upcoming men.
Charles now wondered if he should keep hold of Clarendon after all.
· Clarendon was naive…


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