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Aims of sentencing
1. the punishment of offenders
2. the reduction of crime (including its reduction by deterrence)
3. reformation and rehabilitation of offenders
4. protection
5. the making of reparation by offenders to persons affected by their offences


Retribution/punishment
o This is society's revenge for the offence committed. The…

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Protection of the public
o The concept is that the punishment must serve a useful purpose; in this case the
offender is made incapable of re-offending. For example in some countries the hands of
thieves are cut off to prevent further stealing. Incapacitation is to protect the public
and the…

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o Suspended sentences




Mandatory life
For murder its life. However judge can state the min number of years
imprisonment that the offender must serve before being eligible for
release on license
Governed by criminal justice act 2003

Discretionary life
s 18 offences under oapa act 1861 the max sentence is…

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These types should only be given where the offence is so serious that an
immediate custodial sentence would have been appropriate but there are
exceptional circumstances in the case.




Community orders
o the criminal justice act 2003 created one community order under which the court
can combine any requirements they…

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Discharges
o a conditional discharge means that the court discharges the d on the condition
that no further offence is committed during a set period of up to three years, used
when punishment is not necessary
o an absolute discharge means that no penalty is imposed. Such a penalty is…

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o unless guilt is clear, sentence is reduced (sentencing guidelines council)

Background of the offender
o previous convictions: if the d has committed a similar offence then he will get a
heavier sentence whereas a d with no convictions gets treated leniently
o reports: report by probation officer, if d…

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