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Semantics and Pragmatics

1. Denotation
The literal meaning of words, also known as `dictionary definition'
E.g. snake - a denotative meaning would be a limbless, scaly, elongate reptile of the
suborder Serpents, comprising venomous and nonvenomous species inhabiting
tropical and temperate areas.

2. Connotation
The connotations of a word are…

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Literal language means that the word is exactly what it is, wheras in figurative
language, words are used to imply meanings other than the literal, dictionary
definition.
E.g. The baby slept in lap of its mother. (literal)
The baby lived in lap of luxury. (Figurative)
In the first sentence, the…

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The maxim of relation, where one tries to be relevant, and says things that are
pertinent to the discussion.
This means that when talking or answering someone, you stay on the topic of
discussion; your comments should not be irrelevant.
E.g. If your teacher asks "Why are you late?" and…

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