Self Report Notes - AS OCR Psychology Unit 1

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Psychology Notes ­ SelfReport
Types of SelfReport
Structured Interview ­ Wh en t
h ere are pr
ede t
ermi n ed
q ue st
ions
E asil
y
repea ted
E asier t
o ana l
y se
be cause
ans we r
are
mo re p redict
a ble
I nterview er
's expe ct
ati
on s ma y i
nfl
uence
the in t
erview ee's answ ers (i
nterview er
b i
a s)
R eli
a bil
it
y ma y be af
fected by i
n t
e r
viewer'
s
b e haviour
Semistructured/Unstructured Interview ­ Wh ere n ew qu esti
on s
a r
e develop ed base d on
t
he an swe r
s
g i
ven
w it
h
a basi
c s t
ructure/No pr
e deter mine d
q uestions
Mo re detail
can
be obtai
n ed fr
o m each respo n dent
C a n acces s i
nforma t
ion t
h at
ma y not
be un co vered w i
th pre determi ned que st
ion s
Mo re aff
ec t
e d by
int
e r
view er
b i
a s
as t
he y
a r
e on the spot and
co uld ask l
ea di
n g
ques ti
ons ­ leading questions are questions that are phrased in a way where the
participants give a particular answer, e.g. led in a particular direction
R e qu i
res we l
l
trai
ned
int
e rvi
ew e r
s making the pr
o cess
mo re exp ens i
ve
Questionnaires ­ R e spondents record thei
r
ow n an sw ers
C an b e easi
ly repeated
l arge
a mou nts of
data
ca n be coll
ected cheap ly and
q ui
ckly
R esp ond ent
s ma y
feel
mo re will
ing
to
reve al
p erso nal
inf
o rma t
ion
w hen
n ot
i
n
an
int
e r
v i
e w f
o r
ma t
e.g.
f
ace t
o
face
A nsw ers ma y not
be
tr
uth f
ul
(S ocial
desi
rab i
lity
bias )
­ Social desirability bias is
when the participant wants to "look good" and will answer in a way to make
them look better
S amp le could be bi
a sed
if onl
y o ne
pa r
ti
cu l
ar type
o f
perso n f
il
ls out
the
qu esti
on na i
re
e .
g.
w ill
ing,
mo tivat
ed peo ple
w il
li
ng t
o give up t
he i
r t
ime
Types of Questions
Open Questions ­ Wh en t
he res pond ent
s provi
d e their
o wn
an sw er
s
a nd usu al
ly
g i
ves
qual
it
a ti
ve d ata
­
qu ali
tat
ive dat
a i
s t
h oughts,
feeli
ng s, wo r
d s descri
p t
ion s et
c.
Ma y p roduce
u nexpected inf
orma ti
o n
A l
low s t
h e
pa rt
ici
p ant
s t
o express thei
r
thou gh ts
a nd feel
ing s
w i
th n o
pre determin ed
categ ories
Mo re
d i
ff
icul
t to anal
yse a s
qu ali
tat
ive
d at
a
is su bjecti
ve i
n f
orm t
h erefore harder to draw
con clusions
fro m t
h e
data
Closed Questions ­ Wh e n
the respo ndents
ca n only an swe r
within
the
p redetermine d
cat
eg ories
a nd
gives qua nt
it
ati
ve data ­
q uant
it
a t
ive dat
a i
s nume ri
cal
o r
ma y b e
co nverte d
into
i
nter
va l
d at
a
E asier t
o ana l
y se
as quan ti
tat
ive
data i
s objec t
ive i
n
form

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Does
not
all
ow t
he
part
ici
pant
t
o expr
ess
thei
r
thought
s and
feel
ings
as
the
responses
ar
e l
i
mited
to
predet
ermined
cat
egori
es
Rating Scales ­ a
type
o f
cl
osed questi
on wh er
eby resp ondents
can
give an
an sw er
based on
a s cale
A llo ws part
ici
pants
to expr
ess thei
r
though t
s and feel
ings quanti
tati
vely
E a sier
to…read more

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