Self Report Notes

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  • Created by: Noura
  • Created on: 18-03-13 09:16
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SelfReport
Questionnaires
Definition: set of written questions that can be answered easily, to gather information
from a large number of people.
3 types of questions:
Closed Questions: Yes/ No, straightforward type of question, with options.
Advantages:
Easy to analyse quantative data
Quick for participants (easy, straightforward)
More people will respond
Disadvantages:
Limited options participants may not give accurate answers
No all options are given participants wont reflect on answer
No indepth answer
Open Questions: Open to interpretation.
Advantages:
More detailed answer
Provides insight into emotions and feelings
Disadvantages:
Time consuming for p's (less likely to fill it in)
Can only answer questions asked
Time consuming to analyse
Likert Scale Questions: Rate it 110.
Ways to carry out questionnaire
SelfCompletion Questionnaire: Where a researcher gives a questionnaire to the
participants who then complete the questionnaire and return it to the researcher.
Advantages:
Reduced interviewer effect
Shows attitude changes: easy to repeat over time to show change

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Convenience: fast can over a large geographical area
Reliability: easy to repeat and gain a large sample
Valid: people are more likely to be honest as it is confidential
Easy to analyse: collect quantitive data
Less demand characteristics
Disadvantages:
Low response rate: people do not bother to return ­ this will affect validity
Social reliability
Advantages postal questionnaire have over the structured interview method of
conducting surveys
Less time consuming
Reduces interviewer effects
Structured Interviews: are face to face conversations where the researcher actually
asks…read more

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Pilot Study
Definition: Small scale tests run of your research to identify any potential problems/
weaknesses with the method. It also allows for change and improvements to be made
prior to carrying out the full investigation.
Advantages
Allows the researcher to identify potential problems and to overcome these.
Such problems include:
Misunderstanding of questions
Structured or selfcompletion? & how exactly to undertake this.…read more

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Advantages:
Every Fair method
More representative
Reflects entire population
Disadvantages:
Full list of names in target populations is not always available.
Time consuming collecting all the names if not available.
Need a sample large enough to make it representative.
2) Opportunity Sampling: Commonly used method of sampling. The researcher uses
whoever is available at the time ­ stop and question whoever walks near them.
Advantages:
Good way of obtaining a large and more generalizable sample.…read more

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