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The media as a cause of crime?
0 Lea and Young ­ the media increases relative deprivation:
even the poorest have access to media and they resort to
crime to obtain consumer goods.
0 The media also influences people to encourage criminality
and violence. This occurs by the desire to do crime or purely
to imitate others ­ eg. Video games could cause more violent
teenagers.…read more

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Media Representations of Crime
0 The media devotes 30% of content to crime because it
sells better than any other news.
0 It distorts the image of crime:
0 Exaggerates police success
0 Exaggerates risk of victimisation
0 Over-represents violent/sexual crime*.…read more

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0 Schleinger and Tumber: tabloid readers express a fear of
going out at night. The media exaggerate risks to certain
groups eg. Women and the elderly.
0 Cohen's Model of Moral Panic
0 Labels people as folk devils and creates unnecessary
0 McRobbies: they are more routine now and therefore have less
of an impact
0 Marxists: distracts attention of class inequality and capitalism
from the w/c.…read more

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0 The media tends to focus on unusual and atypical
crimes, not representative of all crimes.
0 This is because they wish to show that they're at
peace and there are no problems in the upper class, it
protects the interests of the bourgeoisie, mainly
because the media is owned by them.…read more

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Bandura et al -- lab experiments:
0 Measured the effects of children watching filmed
images of aggression and those who did not
0 She found those showed the images displayed more
aggression afterwards
0 Using lab experiments she could control variables to
identify a clear cause-effect relationship
0 However, using an artificial setting lowered the
validity of a results, and the may also show aspects of
the Hawthorne effect.…read more


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