Diabetes

This describes diabetes

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Diabetes is a disorder in the body's ability to break down blood sugar. In
type 1 diabetes, the body produces no insulin. In type 2 diabetes, the body
does not produce enough or cannot use insulin. The endocrine system is
made up of the glands and hormones that regulate mood, growth and
development, metabolism, tissue function, and sexual and reproductive
functions.
Eyerelated symptoms include itching, burning, watering and redness.
Allergies and nonallergic ailments such as viruses and bacterial infections
can trigger these symptoms. People with diabetes are prone to eye
diseases. These disorders include diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma and
cataracts. Diagnostic tests include the dilated pupil exam, fundoscopy and
fluorescein angiography.
Hormones are chemical substances that help to regulate processes in the
body. Glands and travel to their target organs in the bloodstream secrete
hormones. Several hormones are involved in the female menstrual cycle.
Hormones can be used to control human fertility and have advantages and
disadvantages.
Hormones and glands
Hormones are chemicals secreted by glands in the body. Different
hormones affect different target organs. The bloodstream transports
hormones from the glands to the target organs.
Move the mouse over the different glands to see what they do.
Hormones regulate the functions of many cells and organs
The target organ and effects of glands and hormones
Gland Hormone Target Effect
organs
Adrenal Adrenalin Vital organs, Prepares body for action
gland eg liver and 'fight or flight'.
heart

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Controls puberty and the
uterus, menstrual cycle in females
pituitary gland stimulates production of LH
and suppresses the
production of FSH in the
pituitary gland.
ovary progesterone Uterus Maintains the lining of the
womb suppresses FSH
production in the pituitary
gland.
Pancreas Insulin Liver Controls blood sugar levels.
Pituitary Antidiuretic Kidney Controls blood water level
gland hormone by triggering uptake of water
(ADH) in kidneys.
Pituitary Follicle Ovaries Triggers egg ripening and
gland stimulating oestrogen production in
hormone (FSH) ovaries.…read more

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