Schumann - Kinderscenen 1, 3 & 11 Notes 2015 Edexcel Music

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Schumann ­ Kinderscenen Op. 15: Nos. 1, 3 and 11
Written in 1838
Schumann = Romantic era
Kinderscenen = suite of 13 short pieces
He was in love with Clara Wieck (his piano teacher's daughter).
Married her in 1840 after he won a legal battle.
Kinderscenen means `childhood scenes'
Didn't title the pieces until they were finished -> easy pieces for
piano
Melody:
Of Foreign Lands and Peoples
Diatonic melodies
Simple melodies
Repetitive
Opening 2-bar phrase creates main motif
Balanced phrasing
Sequence in bars 9-12
LH countermelody based on circle of 5ths
Bass melody in bars 9-12 borrows elements of opening bars
Catch-me-if-you-can
Sequence in the first 2 bars as they're repeated creating a 4-bar
phrase is then repeated in bars 5-8
Thematic use = figure of 4 conjunct semiquavers ascending or
descending (sequenced in bar 2)
Almost entirely conjunct movement with leaps on accented
notes
Leading note, flattened A natural comes from the use of
descending melodic minor scale -> prominent note
Frightening
Mostly diatonic melody (apart from chromaticism in bar 2 of
section A)
In B section = disjunct bass melody with octave leaps in sequence
2nd
half of C (bars 25-28) 2 bar phrase with semitone movement =
in sequence and spans a diminished 4th
Structure:
Of Foreign Lands and Peoples
Rounded binary form (A: BA)
Each part is repeated
A doesn't modulate and is repeated
B is melodically distinct from A with fleeting reference to E minor

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Catch-me-if-you-can
Rounded binary form (A: BA)
Conventional notated repeat of opening 4 bars
Frightening
Symmetrical rondo form (ABACABA)
Each section = 8 bars long
A = refrain
B & C = episodes
Rhythm:
Of Foreign Lands and Peoples
2/4 metre (simple time, sounds like compound)
Ambiguous as the continuous triplet rhythm obscures the metre
Mostly simple rhythms
Dotted rhythms throughout
Rhythmic blurring when dotted pattern coincides with triplets
Performers tempted to play rubato at ritardando
No `a tempo' at bar 15 (return of A)
Catch-me-if-you-can…read more

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Double pedal note in LH bar 13
Sustain pedal in bar 16 (very romantic)
Chromatic scale in bass clef bar 16
Frightening
In A -> dotted rhythms, the LH is in the treble clef and bar 3 = 4
part harmony. In bar 5 the texture is inverted (melody in LH and
accompaniment in RH)
In B -> Schneller = syncopation in the RH with the tune in the
bass (4 bars are repeated)
In C -> 4 semiquavers are the characterising rhythm.…read more

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