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Slide 1

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Kant argued that it must be possible for us to
achieve the highest good as it would be
illogical to aim for something unachievable.
For example we would not tell a child that
they ought to learn to fly because it is
virtually impossible.…read more

Slide 2

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Brian Davies challenged this by saying:
"One might say it is perfectly logical to aim for an
A grade, whatever your maximum capacity for a
subject is!"
Therefore he argues that it is not illogical to aim
for something beyond our grasp.…read more

Slide 3

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Davies also argues;
· Why assume that only God can bring about the highest
good. It could equally be brought about by a 'pantheon
(group) of angels'
· Why assume that virtue must be rewarded with
happiness…read more

Slide 4

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With regards to having to achieve the summum
bonum, Davies argues that we might aim for
something even though achieving it is unlikely
· Even if the summum bonum implies the
existence of God it does not prove it…read more

Slide 5

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This argument asserts first of all the moral
nature of man. That is, we have a sense of
right and wrong - what we ought and ought
not to do. We feel justified when we do what
we think is right and condemned when we
do what we think is wrong.
Since we follow moral law, it can be
inferred that there must be a Lawgiver. We
believe this Lawgiver is God - the God
revealed in the Bible.…read more

Slide 6

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In the Summa theologiae, Aquinas records his
famous five ways which seek to prove the
existence of God.
His fourth way, some say leads to the moral
argument, though Aquinas himself referred
to what is true, noble and good rather than
morality itself.
Way 4
1. There are degrees of perfection in the
2. Things are more perfect the closer they
approach the maximum.
3. There is a maximum perfection, i.e. God.…read more

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