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Side Affects One way of
measuring how effect medication is, is by looking at the side
effects. Atypical and
typical drug both
have different side
drugs have the following side affects; dry mouth, muscle
stiffness, muscle cramping, tremors, EPS and weight-gain & 4% of
patients suffer from rabbit syndrome when taking typical
antipsychotics. Rabbit syndrome is twitches of the mouth and
usually occurs during physical or cognitive stressful periods.
Tardive Dyskinesia is a more serious side affect of typical drugs.
Atypical can cause restlessness, rigidity, tremors, or muscle
spasms and in serious cases diabetes and sometimes Tardive
Dyskinesia. Silverman claims that sometimes these symptoms can
be helpful to an individual. An example is increased alertness.
Some Schizophrenics suffer with attention problems so this side
affects acts as a treatment. However not ever gets side effects.
Relapse Rate Relapse rates are another way of measuring the effectiveness of
medication. Research has found that the rate of relapse in the
use of antipsychotics is much higher in the first year after
treatment is stopped. It was found 40% relapse when having
short time treatment whereas 15% relapse after long term
treatment. These finding challenge the effectiveness of
antipsychotics as quick treatment for patients. Even though they
take 48 hours to have effect physically on your brain chemicals,
they only really have a long lasting effect after years of
treatment. Both typical and atypical have different levels of
relapse rate just like they have different side effects. This means
the previous statement is more suited for one than the other. In
this case it's more suited to typical. Typical drugs have a 55%
relapse rate and atypical have a 42%.
Psychological The question is, why do half of the people relapse but the other
problem issues half don't? This could be that medication treatment is not
suitable for psychological problems. The cognitions and Family
communications theory challenges the effectiveness of
antipsychotics. They believe that in some cases Schizophrenia is
a cognitive disorder. This means that changing the levels of the
brains chemicals will not cure the patient. I will just lower the
arousal or mood by lowering the serotonin and/or dopamine and
hopefully balance out a person's mood when working with the
cognitive problems. This would explain why many relapse after
the treatment has stopped.
Palliative Another reason people claim relapse occurs is because the
treatment is classed as palliative. It does not treat the cause of
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It does not change
the genetics, it does not change the way the brain produces
dopamine or serotonin or the re up take cycle of it, it doesn't
change the communication between the families and it doesn't
alter the irrational thoughts of the individual.
Positive VS As well as the treatment only treating the symptoms, it only
negative treats the positive symptoms and not the negative. Poverty of
speech and loss of concentration do not get affected by the
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Psychological Although anti psychotics can be very effective, they are not
appropriate for everyone. The method of treatment aims to
change the biochemistry in the brain. Therefore those who
have psychological problems would not be suitable for the
anti psychotic drugs.
Used Alone However when using anti-psychotics they are the only
method of treatment for schizophrenia that can be used
alone appropriately. Other treatments such as CBT, ECT and
family interventions usually need medication to bring the
patient to a functioning social state.…read more