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Schizophrenia
Psychologists haven't agreed on a specific definition of
schizophrenia as there are thought to be many different
types
However it is agreed that schizophrenia disrupts the
minds ability to function ­ it's a thought process
disorder
It can come on suddenly (acute) or it can gradually get
worse over a long period of time (chronic)
It occurs equally between men and women but usually
appears earlier in men
IT IS NOT SPLIT PERSONALITY…read more

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Clinical Characteristics and Types of
Schizophrenia
The clinical characteristics are broken down into 2 categories;
Positive symptoms ­ these are symptoms that are additional to normal
behaviour. They feel that something is happening to them
Negative symptoms ­ these are symptoms that are missing from normal
behaviour. They're unable to function normally
These are broken up further into 5 categories:
Perception
Social
Cognitive
Emotional
Behavioural…read more

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Positive Symptoms
Perception
Hallucinations ­ hallucinations of the senses.
Commonly auditory hallucinations where they hear,
usually, abusive voices or a voice doing a running
commentary of their life. They create a distorted view
of reality
Cognitive
Delusions ­ often experience delusions of grandeur
where they believe they are more important than they
are of delusions of persecution and loss of control
Thought Control ­ 3 types of though control. Thought
insertion, though withdrawal or thought broadcasting…read more

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Negative Symptoms
Social
Social Withdrawal ­ they begin to isolate themselves and have
difficulty interacting socially
Cognitive
Language Impairment ­ train of though becomes disrupted
making it easier to be distracted and speech becomes
incoherent
Emotional
Depression ­ tend to become depressed and show mood
swings. Also display inappropriate behaviour e.g. laugh at bad
news
Lack of Emotion
Behavioural
Catatonic Behaviour ­ the person stays in awkward positions
for long periods of time. They don't appear aware of it at the
time but can remember it afterwards…read more

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Types of Schizophrenia (in ICD)
In the ICD there are 7 types of schizophrenia (5 in
DSM)
Paranoid Schizophrenia ­ mainly show positive
symptoms; delusions and hallucinations are most
prominent. Commonly have delusions of
persecution making them paranoid
Hebephrenic Schizophrenia ­ demonstrate aimless
and disorganised behaviour. Speech is incoherent
and there is a lack of emotion
Catatonic Schizophrenia ­ have a motor
abnormality and they show major catatonic
symptoms. Flail their arms around and hold
uncomfortable positions…read more

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