Samsara and Rebirth and the Three Marks of Existence

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Samsara and Rebirth
Samsara - Wandering On
Ultimate source of all Buddha's teachings is enlightenment
Through enlightenment he gained knowledge of rebirth, karma and the four noble
o The truth of suffering (Dukkha)
Birth is suffering, aging is suffering, sickness is suffering, dissociation
from the loved is suffering, not to get what one wants is suffering: in
short the five categories affected by clinging are suffering.
o The truth of the origin of suffering (Samudya)
Craving which renews being and is accompanied by relish and lust,
relishing this and that: in other words, craving for sensual desires,
craving for being, craving for non-being. But whereon does this craving
arise and flourish? Wherever there is what seems lovable and
gratifying, thereon it arises and flourishes.
o The truth of the cessation of suffering (Nirodha)
It is the remainderless fading and cessation of that same craving; the
rejecting, relinquishing, leaving and renouncing of it. But whereon is
this craving abandoned and made to cease? Wherever there is what
seems lovable and gratifying, thereon it is abandoned and made to
o The truth of the path to the cessation of suffering (Magga)
It is the Noble Eightfold Path, that is to say: Right View, Right
Intention, Right Speech, Right Action, Right Livelihood, Right Effort,
Right Mindfulness and Right Concentration
Three forces that lead to Samsara and pictorial representative
o Greed ­ Pig
o Hatred ­ Snake
o Delusion ­ Cock
Those affected by the three mental poisons will not become enlightened
The Wheel Of Life
o Illustrates life in the world of Samsara
o Tibetan Buddhism
o 6 Realms
Realm of Devas (Gods) and Heavenly Beings
Deva realm is populated by godlike beings that enjoy great
power, wealth and long life. They live in splendour and
happiness. Yet even the Deva grow old and die. Further, their
privilege and exalted status blind them to the suffering of
others, so in spite of their long lives they have neither wisdom

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The privileged Deva will be reborn in another
of the Six Realms.
Realm of Asura
The Asura are strong and powerful beings who are sometimes
depicted as enemies of the Deva. Asura are marked by their
fierce envy. The karma of hate and jealousy causes rebirth in
the Asura Realm.…read more

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Rebirth into the Human Realm is conditioned by passion,
doubt and desire.
12 Nidannas
o Ignorance
Blind Man
lack of wisdom (vidya)--it is not just that people haven't
learned some fact that they need to know, but rather that
their habitual ways of perceiving the world are fundamentally
mistaken, and thus they are "blinded"
o Karmic Formations
A potter
In Indian philosophy, pots are common images--they come
into being when they are made, get broken, and in between
are useful everyday items.…read more

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Dukkha, Anicca & Anatta
Buddha did not claim to be an incarnation of God or an actual God
o Rahula ­ "Man and only man can be a Buddha"
Buddha ­ "work out your salvation with diligence"
Teachings compared to a raft
o Carry to safety and nirvana
The Middle Way
o Suffering/Unsatisfactoriness
o Du = Bad
o Cakka = Wheel
Dukkha Dukkha
Ordinary Suffering
Nature and life are suffering
Viparinama Dukkha
Produced by change
Everyone has pleasurable sensations
They eventually disappear
Samkhara Dukkha…read more

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Viparinama dukkha
this is suffering which is produced when the things we enjoy
come to an end/change (see anicca)
Samkara Dukkha
attachment to the conditioned states leads to dukkha (see
Patticchanna Dukkha - concealed suffering
Suffering which is not openly evident, only known to sufferer.…read more

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The Buddha said identifying any 1 of these skandas as self-resulted in dukkha
o Complete loss of this delusion can lead to enlightenment as they will no
longer crave existence…read more


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