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The provisional government

lack of authority

The government had not been elected. The election of the Russian politics might have provided
Russia with a strong legitimate government. The government promised eletions but delayed them
because there was no accurate electoral register. Delaying elections was an attempt to hold on to…

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The Bolsheviks imposed strict controls within their areas. Suspects were arrested and harshly dealt
with. The Cheka ensured discipline, some sources say 50,000 was shot in 1918 alone. It was not
unknown for Cheka squads to follow unreliable forces into battle to shoot any deserters

How did Bolsheviks the government…

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State capitalism was introduced after the October Revolution to co-ordinate and plan the economy.
The sovnorkom set up vesenkha the supreme council of national economy. This body nationalisd the
banks, shipping ,railways and some larger factories.

War communism 1918-1921

Government decided to take a direct control of economic life .…

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End of recquisitioning of grain.

Pay of peasants of a tax to government.

Reintroduced of a free market in which peasents were able to sell extra surplus.

The legalisation of small business

Heavy industry,transport, banking were to remain under state control.

He new policy NEP eventually put an end to…

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When Lenin died, Russia was a one party state the communist party ruled without challenge. The
communist government was supposed to be a dictatorship of the proletariat, however by the end of
the civil war there was no plotetariat.

Party membership

Before 1917 middle class had led the 10,000 Bolsheviks.…

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Poorer peasents were asked to point out those kulak families hoarding grain. They were offered a
reward of 25% of any grain confiscated. This produced some of the grain needed for the cities, but
was not a permanent solution to the problems.

Stage three: Forced collectivization

In Summer 1929 the…

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grain they needed for themselves. If they stole from the fields they were punished. Some collective
farms collapsed because there was no one left to work for them.

Officially the faminine was denied it was made a punishable offence to refer to it. The state took
measures to ensure to…

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Why did the party purge its members

Major purge of party members happened in 1921, when the civil war had been won. A quarter of
party members were expelled at this time. Purges were aimed to rid the party of the undesirables,
lazy members, drunks ect. However a major risen…

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Why did the terror happen?

The terror had many different aspects. The industrial trials, the political trials, the cleansing of the
party . A way for Stalin to establish a personal dictatorship and remove threat. Stalin was simply
solving problems that Lenin had begun

According to Stalin Russia needed another…

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Lots of stadium were built. Teams were supported through government funds. Chess was made
compulsory in Russian schools, gymnasts got state and coaching support. Russia dominated the world
chess scene.

The 5 year plan

Russia was 50 years behind the West . "we must catch up with the west in…


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