Slides in this set
Chechnya stopped being a part of the soviet union
alongside many other eastern block countries
· Here are the main reasons for the soviet union collapsing:
· -Average lifespan of Russians dropped due to poor health, alcoholism and extreme
-Russians became more urbanised during the 1980's with tv's electronics etc.
- Russia could no longer afford the cost of the cold war and economy was making 0
-When Gorbachev came to power in 1980's he seeked change for the soviet union
through gradual reform, but did not want to destroy it.
-People could now post divergent views in newspapers and talks of politics could go
on behind closed doors as people now didnt live in public housing, and there was no
secret police to prosecute opposers of the government.
-Call for change by the Russians intensified.
-Eastern bloc countries begun to break there roots with the soviet union and one by
one the claimed independance due to the vast ethnicities and population of over 200
million people.…read more
The First Chechen War occurred in a two
year period lasting from 1994 to 1996,
when Russian forces attempted to regain
control over Chechnya
Widespread demoralization of the Russian
forces in the area and a successful offensive
on Grozny by Chechen resistance forces lead
by Aslan Maskhadov prompted Russian
president Boris Yeltsin to declare a ceasefire in
1996 and sign a peace treaty a year later.…read more
In September, a series of apartment bombings that killed three
hundred Russian civilians took place in several Russian cities,
including Moscow, which were blamed on the Chechen
· However, many journalists as well as a famous Russian
dissident Litvinenko, later poisoned by using a highly
radioactive material in London, point a finger at the Russian
Secret Service for blowing up the houses to initiate a new
military campaign against Chechnya.
· after a prolonged air campaign of retaliatory strikes against the
Ichkerian regime, a ground offensive began in October 1999
which marked the beginning of the Second Chechen War. Much
better organized and planned than the first Chechen War, the
military actions by the Russian Federal forces enabled them to
re-establish control over most regions. The Russian forces used
brutal force, killing sixty Chechen civilians during a mop-up
operation in Aldy, Chechnya on February 5, 2000.…read more
However, Chechen rebel forces continued to conduct
terrorist attacks, seizing a theater in Moscow in
October 2002. Russian forces refused to negotiate
and gassed the entire building, incidentally killing one
hundred and thirty of the Russian hostages as well as
all of the terrorists.
· After the re-capture of Grozny in February 2000, the
Ichkerian regime fell apart. Russia has severely
disabled the Chechen rebel movement, although
violence still occurs throughout the North Caucasus.
Russia was also successful in installing a pro-Moscow
Chechen regime, and the most prominent separatist
leaders were killed, including former president Aslan
Maskhadov and Shamil Basayev.
· In April 2009, Russia ended its counter-terrorism
operation and pulled out the bulk of its army. Three
months later, leader of the separatist government,
Akhmed Zakayev, called for a halt to armed resistance
against the Chechen police force starting on August 1.…read more