russia-key terms

this is a list of key terms for the russia topic that can be used for revision.

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  • Created by: A.A
  • Created on: 23-04-12 11:49
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Autocrat A person who rules with absolute power.
Bolshevik The name taken by Lenin and his followers after
the split of the SD party in 1903.
Bourgeoisie The Marxist term for the exploiting capitalism
middle class
Cabinet of ministers Group of people who run government departments
Chief Procurator The title of the head of the Russian Orthodox
Duma The imperial Russian parliament between 1906 and
1917. it was merely a consultative body
Emancipation Freedom. This was granted to Russian serfs in 1861.
Ghetto The Jewish quarters in a town or city
Holy Synod The orthodox Church was known as this government
Imperial Relating to an Emperor or Empire
Imperial Council A group of advisors directly responsible to the
Intelligentsia The educated and more enlightened members of the
Russian society who were usually supporters of
reform. Examples include teachers, writers and
Iskra Russian for "spark" A newspaper founded by Lenin
and martov in 1908
Kadets (KDs) Constitutional democrats. A liberal party formed in
Mensheviks The name taken by Plenkhanov and his followers
after the split of the SD party in 1903
Mir The local village communes that peasants lived in.
Nobility Men who achieved the high rank-usually in the army
or civil service
Octobrists The moderate reform political party established in
Okhrana The tsarist secret police force
Peasants The agricultural social class. Made up 80% of
Russia in 1894
Pogroms Russian word for devastation used to describe
state-organised persecution of the Jews
Proletariat The Marxist term for the revolutionary working
Romanov The family name of Tsar Nicholas 11

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Russification A process of creating Russians by promoting
Russian language and values and restricting the
influence of minority cultures.…read more


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