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Page 1

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Characteristics of a rural area




Physical Climate
factors - highland areas = sheep
- warm/sunny areas = fruit and vines
Relief
- flat land = arable
- steep slopes = sheep, aspect
Drainage
- wet areas = cattle, rice
- dry areas = sheep
- lakes = reservoirs
soils
-…

Page 2

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- Farm size (inheritance laws)
Government policies
- Quotas, subsidies e.g. EUCAP, set-aside

Settlement patterns




Why do some areas develop more rapidly than others?

Page 3

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Social and economic issues with rural change




Improvements in transport




Key factors leading to growth and decline

Page 4

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Cause of rural change




Issues that result from change



Physical Economic Political


relief- building on unsuitable power- shortage, reliability, wealth inequality and
sites e.g. steep high cost deprivation
slope, drainage- water industry- lack of jobs or low age profile- dependency
shortage, pollution pay, migrant labour ratio, birth rates, social
vegetation-…

Page 5

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Page 6

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Problems associated with development and growth
Urban sprawl
some cities in the UK have a green belt preventing urban sprawl but places such as Swindon, the
potential for urban sprawl is greater since there is not planning legislation
need for more housing- pressure on rural areas for housing developments
between…

Page 7

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Service development
there are some well sited, well-landscaped rural developments
there are some incidences of other development
o some out of town shopping areas and some unregulated businesses like scrap
metal and caravan storage which can be unsightly and detrimental to the
environment




Decline in rural services




Environmental issues

Page 8

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Page 9

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Management challenges




Issues

Page 10

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Comments

Mr A Gibson

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The challenges rural areas face... An in depth look at rural areas in general. Lots of visuals to help with learning. Although for OCR, this works with any exam board.

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