RSS03: Psychology and Religion - AS Religious Studies

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  • Created by: etoile23
  • Created on: 22-06-13 19:13

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Psychology

Freud

Introduction

· Saw religion as an illusion ­ religion is a deceptive trick of the mind.
· Based on wish fulfilment ­ our minds will create beliefs to satisfy desires and
needs. It helps us overcome inner psychological conflict, conflict between our
natures and civilisation and helplessness and…

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· The desire for the mother leads to feelings of jealousy towards the father, triggering
feelings of ambivalence as they love him, so they repress this. It resurfaces as
physical symptoms in later life.
· Just as the child developed emetophobia, so too an individual develop religious
feelings which help…

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· Through animism, beliefs are built around the object which feelings of guilt are
transferred onto. Through the totem, the horde can make amends through worship.
· It is a transformation of the father. Freud then found that this could be applied to
religion God is that totem as through…

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· God
· Self

Persona
· Represents one's public image.
· The persona is a mask we put on before we show ourselves to the outside world.
It is the tendency to put up a front to cover our true natures for the benefit of
society.
· This front could…

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· The libido can be described as a flow of psychic energy. To maintain health, all
of the features of the personality need to be integrated. E.g. there needs to be a
balance between the conscious mind and the unconscious.
· There also needs to be balance among the different…

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· Not all societies had totem objects whom they worshipped, and no evidence
for the ambivalent attitude towards the totems which was demonstrated by the
totem meals.
· The idea that guilt was passed down to generations had been discredited,
damaging Freud's claim that religion is guilt based as it…

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Criticisms of Jung

1. Jung's methodology
· Criticised for his view that we can never know whether God exists. This view rests
upon his assumption that nothing can be known of any entity outside the psychic
world.
· E.g. we can never know whether a religious experience is real or…

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· As a collective neurosis, religion helps to prevent people from falling into
individual neuroses and psychoses. To a limited extent, Freud's theory should
accept that religion can be beneficial to mental health.
· Nevertheless, as an obsessional neurosis, religion perpetuates and magnifies the
problem, rather than treating its cause.…

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Persona: image. Shadow: darker side. Animus: masculine side of female, and vice
versa with anima
God: generate religious images, real in our psyche, `immanent transcendent'
Process of individuation: Maintain health ­ integrate the personality. Balance
between the archetypes ­ failure is the main cause of mental illness.
First part of…

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Historical and anthropological evidence on primal horde ­ Speculations, people not
grouped exclusively in hordes. Not all societies had objects that were worshipped.
Inherited guilt discredited.

Psychological views do challenge religious belief (Strengths)

Has God been explained away by psychology? (Yes)

Jung
God is an inner psychological reality ­ He…

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Hannah

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This source has helped me a lot! I was wondering if you have done anything on Animal rights or Euthanasia? Or where you got you're notes from? 

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