RS/RE Revision Notes - Religion, Peace and Justice

RS/RE Religion, Peace and Justice revision notes

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If Christians think WAR can be right
Some Christians believe it can be right to fight a war, however others
believe that it can never be right.
If Christians think it can be right >
They may think they have a duty to fight evil and defend the weak.
They often follow the teachings of Thomas Aquinas who set guidelines
for a just war. The
Just War Theory teaches that war is acceptable if it is fought under any
of the following:
· 1. The war must have a just cause
· 2. The war must have a just aim
· 3. The war must be started by a proper authority
· 4. The war must be a last resort
· 5. Proportionality (Equal weaponry, soldiers etc) Others could be>
Civilians should not be hurt or no more force should be used than is
really necessary
If Christians think WAR is wrong
If Christians think war is wrong:
· They may think killing in war is the same as murder (10
commandments 'thou shall not kill')
· They may think it is impossible to follow the teaching to 'love your
enemy', if you are trying to kill them.
· People who are opposed to war in any circumstances are called
conscientious objectors.
· Some Christians, especially Quakers (people who are nonviolent
Christians), are conscientious objectors in times of war.

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Social Injustice
SOCIAL INJUSTICE is when some people in
society are not given the rights and privileges that
other people have
· The bible teaches that Christians should take care of
people who are weak and oppressed
· Everyone is equally valuable to God
· Some Christians join organizations that campaign
for equal rights for everyone such as MENCAP
LIBERATION THEOLOGY Is a way of thinking in which people say
that Christians should speak out against injustice, and even fight
when necessary, in order to…read more

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Elizabeth Fry
Elizabeth Fry (17801845) was a Christian
who worked to improve conditions for
prisoners. Christians believe that all people
are 'made in the image of God' and are
equally valuable.
· She campaigned for prisoners to be
allowed privacy and education. This way,
they could be discouraged to continue in
crime after they leave prison to make the
streets safer.
Treatment of criminals
· Christians believe that people who are truly sorry for their
crimes should be forgiven.…read more


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