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Roman house
http:[email protected]/5094028932/sizes/l/in/photostream/
Instead of surrounding their
houses with large lawns and
gardens, the Romans created
their gardens inside their domus.
The peristylium was an open
courtyard within the house; the
columns surrounding the garden
supported a shady roofed
portico whose inner walls were
often embellished with
elaborate wall paintings (one
famous painting from a garden in
Pompeii is the so-called "Venus
on the half-shell).…read more

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Sometimes the lararium, a shrine for the gods of the household, was located in this portico, or it
might be found in the atrium. The courtyard might contain flowers and shrubs, fountains, benches,
sculptures and even fish ponds.
The triclinium was named after the three
couches typically found in the dining
rooms of upper-class Romans. The lectus,
or couch, was an all-purpose piece of
furniture.…read more

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The culina or kitchen was usually
small, dark, and poorly ventilated,
relegated to an obscure corner of
the house. Wealthy matronae did
not prepare meals; that was the job
of their numerous household
slaves, so it did not matter if the
room was hot and smoky. Baking
was done in ovens, whose tops
were utilized to keep dishes warm.
Embers from the oven could be
placed below metal braziers for a form of "stove-top" cooking; some braziers were more
elaborately decorated.…read more

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In the center of the atrium, directly beneath the opening in the roof (compluvium) was a shallow pool
(impluvium). This had the practical purpose of collecting rainwater but also added greatly to the
attractiveness of the room. Often the walls of the atrium were adorned with wall paintings, perhaps
as simple as colored panels, but more often depicting graceful patterns, mythological motifs like this
head of Medusa, or charming scenes like this image of Cupids playing hide and seek.…read more

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Sample Plan of a Roman House
A atrium formal entrance hall
Al ala "wings" opening from atrium
C cubiculum small room bedroom
Cu culina kitchen
E exedra garden room
P peristylium colonnaded garden
T taberna shop
Ta tablinum office study
Tri triclinium dining room
V vestibulum entrance hall
http://www.vroma.org/~bmcmanus/house.…read more


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