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3d drawing of a Roman house[email protected]/5094028932/sizes/l/in/photostream/

Instead of surrounding their
houses with large lawns and
gardens, the Romans created
their gardens inside their domus.
The peristylium was an open
courtyard within the house; the
columns surrounding the garden
supported a shady roofed
portico whose inner walls were…

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Sometimes the lararium, a shrine for the gods of the household, was located in this portico, or it
might be found in the atrium. The courtyard might contain flowers and shrubs, fountains, benches,
sculptures and even fish ponds.

The triclinium was named after the three
couches typically found…

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The culina or kitchen was usually
small, dark, and poorly ventilated,
relegated to an obscure corner of
the house. Wealthy matronae did
not prepare meals; that was the job
of their numerous household
slaves, so it did not matter if the
room was hot and smoky. Baking

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In the center of the atrium, directly beneath the opening in the roof (compluvium) was a shallow pool
(impluvium). This had the practical purpose of collecting rainwater but also added greatly to the
attractiveness of the room. Often the walls of the atrium were adorned with wall paintings, perhaps

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Sample Plan of a Roman House

A atrium formal entrance hall
Al ala "wings" opening from atrium
C cubiculum small room bedroom
Cu culina kitchen
E exedra garden room
P peristylium colonnaded garden
T taberna shop
Ta tablinum office study
Tri triclinium dining room
V vestibulum entrance hall


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