RIVER NILE - WATER CONFLICTS - COMPLETE CASE STUDY

Intro to River Nile

Problems of conflict

Water scarcity

Treaties in the Past

Solutions being used

Technical solutions

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  • Created by: mo-abas
  • Created on: 29-12-14 13:39
Preview of RIVER NILE - WATER CONFLICTS - COMPLETE CASE STUDY

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The Nile is the second longest river in the world measuring an
approximate of 6,650 km. The average discharge of the river is 3.1
million litres second. It has two major tributaries ­ White Nile and
Blue Nile. Roughly 50 million people live within a few miles of the river
and they are completely dependent on its water.
Although it is generally associated with Egypt, only 22% of the Nile's
course runs through the country. The rest of the river passes through
Sudan, Burundi, Ethiopia, Zaire, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and Tanzania.
The Nile has always played a significant contribution to the lives of
people, Egyptians especially and continues to do so. Ancient Egyptians
regarded the Nile as one of their Gods and would worship it for the
benefits it gave to them such as excellent soil for growing: food,
cotton etc. The people who lived along the Nile in olden times used
the river for agriculture and transportation. This hasn't changed,
though the methods of agriculture and transportation have.
Despite its rich history, the River Nile is the centre of the biggest water politics fiasco in the
modern day world.
The demand for water is increasing and the water availability per person in the region is
decreasing. So change must be made.

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Demand for water is increasing worldwide but it is especially crucial for countries around the Nile
as it is the main source of water. Some factors for why demand is increasing are:
Population Growth ­ In every country the Nile runs through, population is increasing.
More people means more water is being used as it is a necessity in their day to day lives.
Water is needed for drinking, washing, cooking etc.…read more

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The Nile Water agreement in 1929 was signed by the UK, Egypt and Sudan. It gave Egypt the
ownerships of the Nile's Waters (48 billion m3 a year), Sudan got 4 billion m3. The rest of the
countries ­ Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and other East African countries were not allowed
to use the water. In 1959, Egypt and Sudan signed another treaty. They had estimated annual
flows of the Nile to be 84billion m3. Sudan gave itself 18.…read more

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Water from the Nile is used to irrigate crops and provide food for millions of people as well having
enough to export to other countries for financial gain. In the poorer countries, the farmers are
mostly subsidence farmers who just about grow enough to feed their own families. If they can't
grow enough food, the families would starve as they can't afford food and as a result may die of
hunger in an already drought stricken area.…read more

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Dams/Reservoirs will omit CO2.
Rain Water Harvesting ­ This is capturing rain when t falls or capturing the run off and
taking measures to keep that water clean by not allowing polluting activities to take place
in the catchment area. It is a great back-up for when water supply is low and in times of
drought as there is access to fresh water. The rainwater can also help replenish previous
water storages such as dams and aquifers.…read more

Comments

lauradaura3578

thank you- our teacher set us a hw like this

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