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Risk factors in the development of addiction

STRESS
Everyday stress ­ NIDA, 1999: people report that they drink, smoke, use drugs, gamble etc. as a form of relieving
stress and thereby coping with daily hassles. Such stressors may contribute to the continuation of an addiction, and
increase relapse rates, as…

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Neuroticism and psychoticism ­ Eysneck, 1967: proposed a biological theory of personality based on three
dimensions: extraversion-introversion, neuroticism and psychoticism.
Francis, 1996: found a link between addiction and high scores on both neuroticism and psychoticism
Tri-dimensional theory of addictive behaviour ­ Clongier, 1987: proposed three personality traits that
predispose individuals…

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