Rise of the Nazis

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Module 1: The Rise of the Nazis ­ Answers
1. Adolf Hitler:
Adolf Hitler was born in Austria in 1889, but he lived in Germany from 1912 onwards.
His father died in 1903 and the death brought him much closer to his mother. His mother died in 1907.
Hitler applied to join the Academy of Fine Arts at Vienna and was rejected. He spent five years living an
odd life until he joined the German army, rather than the Austrian.
He'd been a brave soldier on the Western Front in WWI, winning the Iron Cross twice. He couldn't
accept that Germany lost the war.
In 1919 he joined the very small German Worker's Party, led by Anton Drexler as it was a party
favoured by the army. In 1920 the name was changed to the National Socialist German Workers' Party
(Nazi's).
2. The Key features of the Nazi Party at the Time of its Formation:
Called the DAP, led by Anton Drexler ­ Hitler joined in 1919
Party Programme documented in 1920 '25 Point Programme'
Bought up and published `Volkische Brobaiter' a party newspaper
The leader of the party had to have absolute power and authority and was answerable to no one
Supported scrapping T of V ­ this drew support for the party
Hitler changed the party's name to the NSDAP in 1920 to attract a wide variety of classes.
When Hitler became leader in 1921 he introduced the `swastika' as the party's symbol ­ seemed
more organised and serious.
Hitler was a Charismatic speaker and attracted new members. He took over the leadership of the party.
Hitler's speeches about purity of the German race and vitriolic comments about Jews, which increased
support and memberships.
The party set up its own armed group (SA) who protected Nazis and harassed opponents.
3. The Munich Putsch took place because:
Hitler hated the Weimar Republic
German humiliation following the French occupation of the Ruhr
Weimar disgraced, people across Germany would support Hitler instead
Growth of the Nazi Party
Detested Versailles: Remove the terms of the treaty
Hitler had won the support of General Ludendorff, the former army Commander-in-chief, extremely
popular figure
SA would be used as armed support
Hitler confident that von Kahr and the army in Bavaria would support him
Weimar blamed for hyperinflation
4. The Munich Putsch failed because:
There was not sufficient support to achieve a successful takeover of Munich
Hitler's use of violence and force was not popular False support
Hitler wasn't taken seriously
Allowed the politicians he had captured, Kahr and Lossow, to go
There was no appetite for revolution in Germany
Hitler was too politically naive to recognise that what he was doing was wrong
5. The consequences of the Munich Putsch:
Hitler used his time in prison to write `Mein Kampf', a blueprint for his ideas

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The authorities were sympathetic and gave Hitler a short sentence and in prison he was virtually under
house arrest and he served 9 months of his 5 year sentence
After 1924-25 Hitler moved away from a strategy of seizing power to a slow build of support to achieve
electoral support
Whilst in prison the party was weak and prone to faction fighting, so this showed the indispensible nature
of Hitler's leadership.…read more

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The Nazi's had financial backings from industrialists such as Krupp and Bosch who were terrified of
the threat of Communism and knew Hitler would reduce its influence.
10. HITLER'S CHARISMATIC LEADERSHIP:
His speeches attracted many people and helped increase the membership and support of the Nazi
Party
He appointed his party as law-abiding and democratic
Tactical He addressed different groups separately and put forward different, appealing points to
them
He evoked a huge passion for Germany.…read more

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AGREEMENT: The agreement was to form a stable Nazi-Nationalist government, with Hindenburg as
President, Hitler as Chancellor and Von Papen as Vice-Chancellor.
FAVOURED BY: The army, large landowners and leaders of industry because it prevented any communists
holding power.…read more

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