First 347 words of the document:
Rise of Arminianism 16251629
Arminianism gained more influence once Charles I became king. William Laud was chosen to
preach the opening sermon of the first parliament of his reign and Montagu became
Chaplain and later Bishop of Chichester then went on to become Bishop of London in 1628.
Predestination teachings were forbidden, all leading church posts were filled by Arminians
and Calvinists were progressively excluded from the Kings council.
Arminians were united by a concern over church ceremony and worship though not all
Arminians accepted free will. One feature of the Arminians was they wished to worship "in
beauty of holiness" in buildings decorated only for sacred use. Much in the Church of
England caused them distress many churches were in a serious state of disrepair.
Arminians wanted uniformity to be maintained through authority of the Bishops and clergy.
Because of their stress on obedience to authority, Arminians tended to exalt the royal
prerogative. Robert Sibthorpe preached in favour of the forced loan in 1627.
Arminianism appealed to Charles because it mirrored his own concerns with order,
obedience and hierarchy. Personally and politically, Arminianism fulfilled his needs. Whilst
religion had become an additional point of conflict between King and commons, these
disputes provided more bitterness between King and Crown and when Robert Sibthorpe
spoke in favour of the forced loan which many MP's saw as illegal it was not well received in
The York House conference showed the Arminians had the backing of Buckingham and
therefore the King. The commons could do nothing but protest. By the beginning of 1629
religion was taking precedence over all other business in the Houses of Commons.
The first of John Eliot's three resolutions "innovation in religion" mentions Arminianism.
He said they would be seen as an enemy of the King and commonwealth. Charles didn't like
this criticism of his handling of the church where he was convinced he knew best.