RIGHTLY GUIDED CALIPHS - UMAR

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  • Created on: 19-01-16 18:53
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KEY AREA SUCCESS ISSUES
EXPANSIO BYZANTINE AREAS (NOTABLY DAMASCUS AND HAD HUGE AREA TO CONTROL ­ ADMIN AND
N JERUSALEM); SASSANIAN EMPIRE; NORTH AFRICA UP COMMUNICATION WAS MORE DIFFICULT
TO TUNISIA ­ SIZE OF ROMAN EMPIRE
TREATY OF JERUSALEM ­ PROTECTED LIVES AND
PROPERTY OF NON MUSLIM SUBJECTS
SET UP HIJIRI CALENDAR TO AID IN ADMINESRING
EMPIRE
ECONOMIC SET UP DIWAN TO RUN TREASUREY IN CHARGE OF COST OF EMPIRE ­ MUSLIMS
EARLY WELFARE STATE ­ PAYMENTS TO ELDERLY, NOW A MINORITY SO NOT ENOUGH REVENUE
ARMY AND POOR COMING IN
JIZYA TAX FOR NON MUSLIMS ­ MUSLIMS PAID ZAKAT
MILITARY AMSARS BUILTS ON OUTSKIRTS OF OLD TOWNS LIKE HAD TO DEFEND LARGE AREA ­ NOT
DAMASCUS AS A WAY OF MAINTAINING MILITARY POSSIBLE TO SOL.ELY BASE IN MEDINA
CONTROL ANYMORE
FIRST PAID ARMY ­ DIDN'T HAVE TO RELY ON LOOT OF
CONQUERED LANDS AS THEY WERE GUARENTEED
PAYMENT
SOCIAL TREATED ARAB MUSLIMS AND NONARAB MUSLIMS OTHER RELIGIONS SUCH AS JEWS AND
EQUALLY CHRISTIANS WERE HOSTILES TO MUSLIMS ­
COULD LEAD TO WAR
OTHER EXPULSIONS OF CHRISTIANS AND JEWS WENT
AGAINST MUHAMMAD'S TREATIES AND
MUSLIM PRINCIPLES
UMAR

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